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Phytoplankton as a Tool of Biomonitoring of Behlol Nullah, Jammu (J&K), India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology, University of Jammu, Jammu-180006, (J&K), INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 54-60, May,22 (2013)


This paper presents the results of a study that was conducted to determine the seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton population and nutrient status of water in Behlol nullah (Jammu). A total of 49 species belonging to four different groups (Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cynophyceae) were recorded during the study period with a maxima in the winter season followed by summer and then monsoon. Percentage distribution of Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cynophyceae individuals to total phytoplanktonic population were calculated. Heavily polluted sites exhibited lower phytplankton diversity and abundance as compared to least polluted sites. Shannon diversity and Marglef’s species richness was highest at St. 1 while Simpson’s dominance and Pielou’s evenness was maximum at St. 4 and St. 5 respectively. Highest value of Sorenson’s similarity was recorded between St. 3and St. 4 while Morisita Horn similarity was maximum between St. 1 and St. 3. Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Enlistment of higher concentration of Spirogyra sps. Stigeoclonium sps. and Oscillatoria species in the study area indicates organic pollution in the Behlol nullah which is mainly due to industrialization, domestic sewage and human activities which in course would finish the water body. A proper biological and chemical treatment of domestic sewage and industrial effluents before discharge to Behlol Nullah is, therefore suggested.


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