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Impact of Crop Residue Burning on Climate Change: A Scenario of Madhya Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 School of Energy and Environmental Studies, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Takshashila Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001, MP, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (IYSC-2015), Pages 94-96, September,2 (2015)


Crop residues are generated after harvesting the crops. The main reason behind burning of crop residues is due to difficulty in collection of crop residue. If collected, these residues then may be use in different forms like industrial/domestic fuel, fodder, packaging, bedding, wall construction, and green manuring etc. Burning of crop residues emitted many of the gases (2, NO2 and CO etc) other than green house gases also. This paper is focussed on impact of crop residue burning on the green house gases and climate change in Madhya Pradesh. Green house gases (GHGs) emitted from agricultural / crop residue burning such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O). The total green house gases emitted due to crop residue burning from Madhya Pradesh is around 5676.46 kg/year out of which carbon dioxide released is approx. 5666.1 kg/year, methane approx. 10.10 kg/year and about 0.26 kg/year of nitrous oxide. It is also compared that the impacts of these green house gases over a 20 year time horizon. These gases are responsible for the green house effect or global warming which may cause climate change.


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