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The study of various types of Participative design based on Contextualism-Regionalism (based on Designing a studentís Science park in Razi University of Kermanshah)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Architecture, College of Agriculture, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (10), Pages 77-85, October,2 (2015)


The regional feature is the necessary characteristic of each valid architecture. As all buildings form the definite place, all places are not the same and they should have the special features of definite place. The regionalism term was introduced in the late 18th century as one of the main theories of architecture criticism and it asked for continuing the traditions, beliefs and cultural and ethnic values and taking into attention the cultural, geographical and climatic characteristics of a special region and is rooted in deep beliefs as resistance to others culture and returning to the ethnical cultural tradition. The followers of regionalism in participative architecture consider using the features of region in architecture as indirect participation. The various participative types are social gathering, questionnaire participation, consulting design, functional participation, interactional participation, regionalism and indirect participation. This study evaluated various types of participative design that by searching new ways to respond the applied needs in a society, with special features and special definition of it their participative type in design process attempts the effect interference and respond the users in design. The study and analysis of participative samples in various regions showed that using regionalism participative type and indirect participation in the form of considering the models and symbolic buildings, referring to the collective memories and considering the sign qualities in the region can be applied as responding method in making the users interfere in design process of students science park in Razi University of Kermanshah.


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