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An ICT based Early Warning System for Flood Disasters in Pakistan

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Computer Science and I.T, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology, MSC Block, Block 9, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi, PAKISTAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (9), Pages 108-118, September,2 (2014)


Pakistan is a developing country, like other developing countries Pakistan is facing so many kind problems. Natural disasters and terrorism are the major issues of Pakistan. Different types of natural disasters like earthquake, flood, drought, landslides and snow slides and galaciers melting are frequent disatter events in the region. 2005 Kashmir earthquake and 2010 flood was the mega destructive events with thousands of live losses and millions of dollors property damages. In suffecient coping capacity, pathatic communication and colloboration between different concerned departments, lack of community awareness, resources gathering and insufficient budgeting, lack of technology awareness, adoption, integration are the most common barrieres in disaster management domain. Information and communication Technology(ICT) is the most adopting and growing technology now a days. ICT is playing most important role in enhancing human life activities as well as increasing efficiency and accuracy along with transparency and out of space and time limitations. ICT is also contributing its lions’ share in the domain of disaster management. Various ICT based applications and services are available for disaster management. Floods are one of the most destructive disaster events in pakistan their frequency and intensity is increasing in last decade. Unpredictable and heavy moonsoon rainfalls and melting galaciers are the most common reasons for floods in pakistan which resulting in massive live losses, large amount of internally displace persons (IDPs), damages of agricultural land and crops as well as live stocks. There is an ugrent need of flood disaster management system (FDMS) equipped with state of the art ICTs. Floods forecasting and predictions, early warning, flood monitoring, risk assessment and damage assessment are the open grounds for integrating ICTs. In this study we are trying to cover the role of ICTs in flood disaster management system all over the world. Identification of challenges and opportunities in in terms of technology integration and adoption in the domain of FDMS in Pakistan, and proposing a ICT based Flood early warning systesm (FEWS) which is second face of the coin.


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