International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Recent progress in Bio-based renewable food packaging with advancement in barrier property enhancement and traceability a complete state of the art

Author Affiliations

  • 1Chemical Engineering Department, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
  • 2Chemical Engineering Department, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
  • 3Polymer and Textile Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
  • 4Chemical Engineering Department, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
  • 5Chemical Engineering Department, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria
  • 6Chemical Engineering Department, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Nigeria

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 9, Issue (3), Pages 43-48, July,18 (2019)


Recently, progress in food packaging materials has increased tremendously. From mineral based materials to biodegradable or renewable materials for continued food security and protection especially in enhancing barrier properties. This paper x-rays the technologies/techniques available for modern food storage/packaging and the comparative advantages derivable from their applications over the conventional methods. In this case, ways are suggested to ensure the substitution of olefin based polymers with renewable and compostable polymers, even edible polymers to suit recent technological advancements. With the recent age of globalisation, food packaging is receiving more and better attention. Aside just food safety and better quality by strict monitoring, adoption of polymer nanotechnology can avail new materials for packaging. The self-assembly of polymers and nanoparticles into a variety of nanostructures and nano patterns at interfaces can be utilised in this concept. For instance, by the adoption of bottom-up self-assembly and self-organisation methodologies from liquid phases. This would create thin and ultra-thin films of polymers and nano particles; which are fabricated by simple methods like dip coating, spin-coating, casting and droplet evaporation. With these, directed and controlled fabrication of thin-film based nanostructures and nano patterns on surfaces are developed. These materials exhibit enhanced mechanical and other improved barrier properties, coupled with nanosensors and the use of internet of things for tracking food condition while in storage and on transit.


  1. Lopez-Rubio J.M. (2011)., Nanotechnology for bioplastics: Opportunities, challenges, and strategies., Trends in Food Science and Technology, 22, 611-617.
  2. Clara Silvestre D.D. (2011)., Food packaging based on polymer nanomaterials., Progress in Polymer Science, 36, 1766-1782.
  3. Omanovic-Miklicanin E.M. M.-V. (2018). Application of Nanotechnology in Food Packaging. Workshop., undefined, undefined
  4. Maksimović M., Vujović V. and Omanović-Miklić anin E. (2015)., Application of internet of things in food packaging and transportation., International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics, 1(4), 333-350.
  5. Wesley S.J., Raja P., Raj A.A. and Tiroutchelvamae D. (2014)., Review on-nanotechnology applications in food packaging and safety., Int J Eng Res, 3(11), 645-651.
  6. Vaclavik V.A. (2014). Essentials of Food Science (4th uppl.). New York., undefined, undefined
  7. Barnes G. (2014)., Hämtat från Smart Packaging - From the shelf and diary case to the Internet of Things., den 15 October 2015
  8. Kuswandi B., Wicaksono Y., Abdullah A., Heng L.Y. and Ahmad M. (2011)., Smart Packaging: Sensors for monitoring of food quality and safety., Sensory and Instrumentation for food quality., 5(3), 137-146.
  9. Jabeen N., Majid I. and Nayik G.A. (2015)., Bioplastics and food packaging: A review., Cogent Food & Agriculture, 1(1), 1117749.
  10. Nanou Peelman P.R. (2013)., Application of Bioplastics fo rFood Packaging., Trends in Food Science and Technology, 32, 128-141.
  11. Siracusa V., Rocculi P., Romani S. and Dalla Rosa M. (2008)., Biodegradable Polymers for Food Packaging., Trends in Food Science and Technology, 12(19), 634-643.
  12. Song J.H., Murphy R.J., Narayan R. and Davies G.B.H. (2009)., Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics., Philosophical transactions of the royal society B: Biological sciences, 364(1526), 2127-2139.
  13. Lagaron J.M. and Lopez-Rubio A. (2011)., Nanotechnology for Bioplastics: Opportunities, challenges, and strategies., Trends in Food Science and Technology, 22, 611-617.
  14. K.M. (2010)., Biobased verpakkingen: antwoorden op vragen van eindgebruikers., VMT Conference. Green Packaging.
  15. Haugaard V.K. (2011)., Food biopackaging, in biobased packaging materials for the food industry e status and perspectives., Copenhagen.
  16. Reguera J., Lagaron J.M., Alonso M., Reboto V., Calvo B. and Rodríguez-Cabello J.C. (2003)., Thermal behaviour and kinetic analysis of the chain unfolding and refolding and of the concomitant nonpolar solvation and desolvation of two elastin-like polymers., Macromolecules, 36, 8470-8476.
  17. Bogaert J.C. (2000)., Poly(lactic acids): a potential solution to waste dilemma., 153(1), 287-303.
  18. Jamshidian M.T. (2010)., Poly-lactic acid: production, applications, nanocomposites, and release studies., Comprehensive reviews in food science and safety, 9(5), 552-571.
  19. Rasal R.M. (2010)., Poly(lactic acid) modifications., Progress in Polymer Science, 35(3), 338-356.
  20. Mensitieri G.D. (2011)., Processing and shelf life issues of selected food packaging materials and structures from renewable resources., Trend in Food Science and Technology, 22(2-3), 72-80.
  21. Chivrac F.P. (2009)., Progress in nano-biocomposites based on polysaccharides and nano clays., Materials Science and Engineering R, 67(1), 1-17.
  22. Singh R. (2011)., Facts, Growth, and Opportunities in Industrial Biotechnology., Organic Process Research and Development, 15(1), 175-179.
  23. Zepnik S.K. (2010)., Basics of Cellulosics., Bioplastics Magazine, 1, 44-47.
  24. Müller C.M., Laurindo J.B. and Yamashita F. (2011)., Effect of nanoclay incorporation method on mechanical and water vapor barrier properties of starch-based films., Industrial Crops and Products, 33(3), 605-610.
  25. Shen L., Haufe J. and Patel M.K. (2009)., Product overview and market projection of emerging bio-based plastics PRO-BIP 2009., Report for European polysaccharide network of excellence (EPNOE) and European bioplastics, 243. October 2012
  26. Cyras V.P., Soledad C.M. and Analía V. (2009)., Biocomposites based on renewable resource: acetylated and non acetylated cellulose cardboard coated with polyhydroxybutyrate., Polymer, 50(26), 6274-6280.
  27. Yu L., Dean K. and Li L. (2006)., Polymer blends and composites from renewable resources., Progress in Polymer Science, 31(6), 576-602.
  28. Modi S.J. (2010)., Assessing the Feasibility of Poly-(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Valerate) (PHBV) and Poly-(Lactic Acid) for Potential Food Packaging Applications.,
  29. Iotti M., Fabbri P., Messori M., Pilati F. and Fava P. (2009)., Organic-inorganic hybrid coatings for the modification of barrier properties of poly (lactic acid) films for food packaging applications., Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 17(1), 10-19.
  30. Hirvikorpi T., Vähä-Nissi M., Nikkola J., Harlin A. and Karppinen M. (2011)., Thin Al2O3 barrier coatings onto temperature-sensitive packaging materials by atomic layer deposition., Surface and Coatings Technology, 205, 5088-5092.
  31. Rhim J.W., Lee J.H. and Ng P.K. (2007)., Mechanical and barrier properties of biodegradable soy protein isolate-based films coated with polylactic acid., Food Science and Technology, 40(2), 232-238.
  32. Popa M. (2007)., Packaging., Food Safety, 1, 68-87.
  33. Wilder C. (2015)., What Does Food Packaging Have To Do With Big Data And The Internet Of Things?., What does food packaging have to do with big data and internet of things? Hämtat den 23 October 2015
  34. Arora A. (2010)., Nanocomposites in food packaging. A review., Journal of food science, 75(1), 43-49.
  35. Damme H.V. (2008)., Nanocomposites: the end of compromise., (P. H. C. Brechignac, Red.) Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry, 348-380.
  36. Kumar P.S. (2011)., A review of experimental and modelling techniques to determine properties biopolymer-based nanocomposites., Journal of Food Science, 2-14.
  37. Sanchez-Garcia M.D. (2010)., Novel clay-based nanobiocomposites of biopolyesters with a synergistic barrier to UV light, gas, and vapour., Journal of applied polymer science, 118(1), 188-199.
  38. Sanchez-Garcia M.D. and Lagaron J.M. (2010)., On the use of plant cellulose nanowhiskers to enhance the barrier properties of polylactic acid., Cellulose, 17(5), 987-1004.
  39. Park H.M., Li X., Jin C.Z., Park C.Y., Cho W.J. and Ha C. S. (2002)., Preparation and properties of biodegradable thermoplastic starch/clay hybrids., Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 287(8), 553-558.
  40. De Moura M.R., Avena‐Bustillos R.J., McHugh T.H., Krochta J.M. and Mattoso L.H.C. (2008)., Properties of novel hydroxypropyl methylcellulose films containing chitosan nanoparticles., Food Science, 73(7), 31-37.
  41. Bentz K.C. (2011)., Synthesis and characterization of linear and branched polylactic acid for use in food packaging applications., Hämtat från den 10 October 2012
  42. Cabedo L.F. (2006)., Optimisation of nanocomposites based on a PLA/PCL blends for food packaging applications., Macromolecular Symposia, 191-197.
  43. Müller C.M., Laurindo J.B. and Yamashita F. (2009)., Effect of cellulose fibres addition on the mechanical properties and water vapour barrier of starch-based films., Food Hydrocolloids, 23(5), 1328-1333.
  44. Dias A.B., Müller C.M., Larotonda F.D. and Laurindo J.B. (2011)., Mechanical and barrier properties of composite films based on rice flour and cellulose fibres., Food Science and Technology, 44, 535-542.
  45. Kristo E. and Biliaderis C.G. (2007)., Physical properties of starch nanocrystal-reinforced pullulan films., Carbohydrate Polymers, 68(1), 146-158.
  46. Cyras V.P., Commisso M.S., Mauri A.N. and Vázquez A. (2007)., Biodegradable double‐layer films based on biological resources: Polyhydroxybutyrate and cellulose., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 106(2), 749-756.
  47. Petersson L.A. (2006)., Biopolymer based nanocomposites: comparing layered silicates and microcrystalline cellulose as nano reinforcement., Composites Science and Technology, 66(13), 2187-2196.
  48. Thiebaud S.A. (1997)., Properties of fatty-acid esters of starch and their blends with LDPE., Applied Polymer Science, 65(5), 705-721.
  49. Suyatma N.E., Copinet A., Tighzert L. and Coma V. (2004)., Mechanical and barrier properties of biodegradable films made from chitosan and poly (lactic acid) blends., Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 12(1), 1-6.
  50. Zhang L., Xiong C. and Deng X. (1996)., Miscibility, crystallization and morphology of poly (β-hydroxybutyrate)/poly (d, l-lactide) blends., Polymer, 37(2), 235-241.
  51. Kim J.K., Jo C., Park H.J. and Byun M.W. (2008)., Effect of gamma irradiation on the physicochemical properties of a starch-based film., Food Hydrocolloids, 22(2), 248-254.
  52. Wu Y., Geng F., Chang P.R., Yu J. and Ma X. (2009)., Effect of agar on the microstructure and performance of potato starch film., Carbohydrate Polymers, 76(2), 299-304.
  53. Famá L., Gerschenson L. and Goyanes S. (2009)., Starch-vegetable fibre composites to protect food products., Carbohydrate polymers, 75(2), 230-235.
  54. Ghanbarzadeh B., Almasi H. and Entezami A.A. (2011)., Improving the barrier and mechanical properties of corn starch-based edible films: Effect of citric acid and carboxymethyl cellulose., Industrial Crops and products, 33(1), 229-235.
  55. Shi R., Bi J., Zhang Z., Zhu A., Chen D., Zhou X. and Tian W. (2008)., The effect of citric acid on the structural properties and cytotoxicity of the polyvinyl alcohol/starch films when molding at high temperature., Carbohydrate polymers, 74(4), 763-770.
  56. Fang J.M., Fowler P.A., Escrig C., Gonzalez R., Costa J. A. and Chamudis L. (2005)., Development of biodegradable laminate films derived from naturally occurring carbohydrate polymers., Carbohydrate polymers, 60(1), 39-42.
  57. Demirgöz D., Elvira C., Mano J.F., Cunha A.M., Piskin E. and Reis R.L. (2000)., Chemical modification of starch based biodegradable polymeric blends: effects on water uptake, degradation behaviour and mechanical properties., Polymer Degradation and Stability, 70(2), 161-170.
  58. Kim M. and Lee S.J. (2002)., Characteristics of crosslinked potato starch and starch-filled linear low-density polyethylene films., Carbohydrate Polymers, 50(4), 331-337.
  59. Gennadios A., Weller C.L. and Testin R.F. (1993)., Modification of physical and barrier properties of edible wheat gluten-based films., Biological Systems Engineering, 70(4), 425-429.
  60. Rhim J.W., Gennadios A., Fu D., Weller C.L. and Hanna M.A. (1999)., Properties of ultraviolet irradiated protein films., LWT-Food Science and Technology, 32(3), 129-133.
  61. Miller T. (2013)., Electron launches wireless food safety monitoring system (online)., http://www. R-D/electron-launches-wireless-food-safety-monitoring-system?utm_source=copyright&utm_medium=onsite&utm_campaign=copyright . Hämtat den 25 May 2015
  62. European Communities (2007)., Food Traceability(online)., . Hämtat den 2 July 2015
  63. Karippacheril T.G. (2011)., , ICT in Agriculture Sourcebook: Connecting Smallholders to Knowledge, Network, and Institutions (64605), 285-308.