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Compositional analysis and Antimycobacterium Tuberculosis Activity of Essential Oil of Hyptis Suaveolens Lamiceae

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemistry, School of Pure and Applied Science Modibbo Adama University of Technology P.M.B. 2076 Yola Adamawa State NIGERIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 40-44, July,18 (2015)


Fresh leaves of Hyptis suaveolens were collected and pretreated for essential oil analysis with the sole aim of linking the ethnomedicinal uses of this plant by the people of Adamawa State Nigeria to its essential oil composition. The results obtained from the analysis shows that 68 compounds were present in varying concentration out of which 16 compounds have appreciable concentration making 75.135 % of the total abundance. The major compound being Caryophyllene (20.643 %) followed by Sabinene (16.711 %) and Terpinolene (8.490 %). The essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens also showed anti mycobacterium activity when tested on strain 7H9/ADC with MIC of 3.13 %. This activity was compared with standard drug Rifampicin which also has MIC of 0.1 g/ml.


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