International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Synthesis of Medicinal Soap from Non Edible (Jatropha Oil) and Study of its Quality Parameters including Antimicrobial Activity

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Holkar Science College, Indore, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (4), Pages 58-62, April,18 (2014)


In this research sample of soap was prepared by using Jatropha Oil (purchased from dealer) by adding concentrate caustic soda solution in appropriate temperature range. Crude sample was washed, dried and several parameters such as % yield, TFM value, Total Alkali Content, Free Caustic Alkali Content, pH, Solubility, CMC Value and Antimicrobial Activity were determined. It was found that TFM value of Jatropha Soap is more than 60 %. According to BIS norms such soap can be categorized as Grade III Soap and it can be used for general bathing purpose. Also, Total Alkali Content,Free Caustic Alkali content,pH value etc. were found within prescribed value of BIS. CMC value of Jatropha Soap was around 0.012 M which shows that it can be used as a surfactant for purpose of micellar catalysis which is of great industrial significance owing to it’s cheap price. Surprisingly, Study of Antimicrobial activity on S.aureus revealed that Jatropha Soap has more bactericidal effect as compared to commercial antiseptic soap which indicates that Jatropha Oil can be utilized for production of high quality medicated soap.


  1. Kulyal Poonam, Kanti Tiwari Uma, Shukla Arvind and K. Gaur Anil, Chemical constituents isolated from seed oil of Jatropha curcas, Asian J. Chem.,23, 7, 2939 – 2942 (2011)
  2. Warra. A, Cosmetic potentials of physic nut (Jatropha curcas Linn.) seed oil: A review, Am. J. Sci. Ind. Research3(6), 358-366 (2012)
  3. Holla K.S., Millwala R.H., Shitole A.D., Rajan N.S.S., Tallow substitute from Ratanjyot Oil (Jatropha curcas),‘Journal of Oil Technologists’ Association of India, 25(4), 75-77 (1993)
  4. Singh Rachana, Agarwal Tarun , Rastogi Rinki, Arora Neha, Rastogi Meghna, Comparative Analysis of Antibacterial Activity of Jatropha curcas Fruit Part,. J. Pharm. Biomed. Sci, 15(15), 1-4 (2012)
  5. Joshi Archana, Singhal Pankaj and Bachheti R. K. Physicochemical Characterization of Seed Oil of Jatropha curcasL., Collected from Dehradun (Uttarakhand) India, Int.J. Appl.Biol. Pharm.Technol., 2, 123-127 (2011)
  6. Akbar Emil, Yaakob Zahira, Kamarudin Kartom, Ismail Manal, Salimon Jumat, Characteristic and Composition of Jatropha curcas Oil Seed from Malaysia and its Potential as Biodiesel Feedstock, Eur.J. Appl. Eng. Sci.Res.,29,3, 396-403 (2009)
  7. The Chemistry Behind Jatropha Soap, Article adopted from (2013)
  8. Mak-Mensah E.E. and Firempong C.K., Chemical characteristics of toilet soap prepared from neem (Azadirachta indica) seed oil,Asian J. Plant Sci. Res., 1(4), 1-7 (2011)
  9. Hautfenne, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Standard Methods For The Analysis Of Oils, Fats And Derivatives, 6th Edition, 1st Supplement: Part 5, Section IV,Alkaline Soaps (1982)
  10. Ogunniran K.O., Ajanaku K.O., James O.O., Ajani O.O., Adekoya J.A. and Nwinyi O.C., Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial activity and toxicology study of some metal complexes of mixed antibiotics, Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.,2(7), 069-074 (2008)
  11. Ing J., Oremusová, CSc. and PharmDr. A. Lengyel : Critical Micelle Concentration Of Ionic Surfactants By Conductometric Method Article adopted from (2013)
  12. Rawat M.K. and Sangeeta Studies on micellar properties of some Alkaline Earth metal Soaps, J.Ind.Council of Chemists, 23,1, 14-22 (2006)
  13. Janardhan K.R., Soaps and Detergents Article adopted from (2013)
  14. S.Antony Raja, D.S.Robinson smart, and C.Lindon Robert Lee, Res.J.chem.sci.,1(1), 81-87(2011)
  15. Ogunwole O.A. and Ogunwole O.A., Res.J. Chemical Sci., 2(11) (2012)