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Enzymatic Bioconversion in Non-conventional Media

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Dergaon Kamal Dowerah College, Dergaon, Golaghat-785614, Assam, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 103-116, November,18 (2014)


One strategy for optimizing biocatalysis for the production of flavors compounds, oleochemicals and drug intermediates in pharmaceutical industries is to use non-conventional media, such as non-aqueous heterogeneous systems. In this article, we highlight some of the current trends in biocatalysis in systems, focusing on organic solvent systems, reverse micelles and supercritical fluids. This review also summarizes recent applications of ionic liquids (ILs) as ‘green’ solvents in biocatalytic transformations of commercially important compounds, extractions of a variety of substances, including metal ions, organic and bio-molecules, organosulfur from fuels and gases. For more effective separation of products from ILs, they could also be used along with another ‘green’ technology, supercritical fluid extraction. In addition to their environmentally benign characteristics, ILs have other favourable properties such as hydrophobicity, polarity and selectivity over organic solvents.


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