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Detail study on the Properties of Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) for the Production of Biofuel

Author Affiliations

  • 1Indian Biodiesel Corporation, Baramati, above Sh. Malojiraje Co-op. Bank, Tal- Baramati, Dist- Pune, MS, INDIA Shardabai Pawar Mahila College,
  • 2Shardanagar, Tel. Baramati, Dist – Pune, MS, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 16-20, July,18 (2012)


An ever increasing demand of fuels has been a challenge for today’s scientific workers. The fossil fuel resources are dwindling day by day. Biodiesel seem to be a solution for future. It is an environmental viable fuel. Several researchers have made systematic efforts to use plant oil and their esters (biodiesel) as a fuel in compression ignition (CI) engines .There is various types of raw material like Jatropha curcus L, Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja), Moha, Undi, Castor, Saemuruba, Cotton seed etc. An non- edible oil seeds and Various vegetable oils including palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, rapeseed oil and canola oil have been used to produce biodiesel fuel and lubricants. Out of these Pongamia pinnata can be a definite source of raw material due to its easy availability in wild. Pongamia pinnata is drought resistant, semi-deciduous, nitrogen fixing leguminous tree. It grows about 15-20 meters in height with a large canopy which spreads equally wide. After tranesterification of crude oil shows excellent properties like calorific value, iodine number, cetane number and acid value etc. Detail study intends to identify all advantages and disadvantages of pongamia pinnata as a sustainable feedstock for the production of Biodiesel equivalent to fossil fuel as per ASTM 6751-9B.


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