International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Evaluation of Water Quality of Narmada river with reference to Physco- chemical Parameters at Hoshangabad city, M.P., India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P., INDIA
  • 2Department of Applied Chemistry, Swami Vivekanand College of Science and Technology, Bhopal, M.P., INDIA
  • 3Department of Applied Chemistry, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, M.P., INDIA
  • 4Centre of IT & Basic Sciences, Madhya Pradesh, Bhoj (Open) University, Bhopal, M.P., INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (3), Pages 40-48, June,18 (2011)


River Narmada is one of the 13 prominent rivers of India, which covers 98,797 sq km of total water-shed area. Narmada is considered to be the lifeline and west flowing river of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The monitoring of water quality of Narmada River was carried out for one year 2007. Four sampling stations were selected at downstream of Hoshangabad city. The water samples collected were analyzed, as per standard methods parameters such as pH, EC, Turbidity were measured in-situ. Raised values of physico-chemical parameters indicate the pollution of riverine ecosystem due to domestic wastes, municipal sewage, industrial effluent from Security Paper Mill (SPM) and agricultural run-off that influence the water quality directly or indirectly. Statistical analysis carried out through correlation method and also evaluates Average values (AV), Standard Deviation (SD), Standard Variance (SV), Standard Error (SE) and 95% Confidence Limit (CL) to assess the pollution load assessment. The results revealed that most of the water samples were below or out of limited; according to the WHO, BIS standards.


  1. Agrawal I.C. and Srivastava H.C., Pollution Survey of major drains discharged into river Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad., Instn. Pub. Lic. Hlth. Engrs., TS III-39, TS III-48, (1984)
  2. APHA, Standard method for the examination of water and waste water. APHA, AWWA, WPEC, 19th edition, New York, (1998)
  3. Arora H.C., Routh T., Chattopadhyaya S.N., and Sharma V.P., Survey of sugar mill effluent disposal part II, A comparative study of sugar mill effluent characteristics, India J. Environ. Hlth.,16(3), 233-246 (1974)
  4. Bandy J.T.,Water characteristics, J. Wat. Poll. Cont. Fed., 56(6), 544-548 (1984)
  5. Basu A.K., Studies in effluents from pulp paper mill and its role in bringing the physico-chemical changes around several discharge point in the Hoogly Estuary, Indian J. Int. Eng., 46,108-116 (1966)
  6. Butler J.L., Temperature relation in shallow turbid pools, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci.,43, 90-95 (1963)
  7. Ciaccia L., Water and Water Pollution Hand book, Mercel Dekker, Inc. New York, 801-808 (1972)
  8. Dakshini K.M.M. and Soni J.K., Water quality of sewage drains entering Yamuna in Delhi, Indian J. Environ. Hlth.,21, 354-360 (1979)
  9. Ganpati S.N. and Chacko P.I., An investigation of the river Godavari and the effects of the paper mill pollution at Rajamundry, Proc. Indo-Pac. Fish Counc, Madras Meeting Sec. II and III, 70 (1951)
  10. Gazetteer of Hoshangabad, Govt. of India, Madhya Pradesh, (1979)
  11. Ghosh T.K., Shakila B. and Kaul S.N., Protection of ecologicaliy sensitive areas: origin of rivers and upper catchment areas, J. of Indian Association for Enviro. Management, Vol. 31, 59-64 (2004)
  12. Goel P.K. and Trivedi R.K., Some considerations on sewage disposal to fresh water and resultant effects, Poll. Res., 7-12 (1984)
  13. Golterman H.L., Physiological Limnology Elsveri Scientific Publication Co. N.Y. 489(1975)
  14. Hannan H.H., Young W.C. and Mathew J.J., Nitrogen and Phosphorous dynamics in three central Texas impoundments, Hydrobiologia,40, 121-129 (1972)
  15. Hutchinson G.E. and V.T. Bower., Adirect demonstration of phosphorous in a small lake, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.,33, 148-153 (1947)
  16. Kodarkar M.S., Methodology for water analysis, Ind. Asso. Aquatic Biologist, Hyderabad (1992)
  17. Kothandaraman V., Thergaonkar V.P., Koskij T. and Ganapati S.V., Physico chemical and biological aspects of Ahmedabad Sewage, Environ. HIth., :356-363 (1963)
  18. Matkar L.S. and Gangotri M.S., Physico-chemical analysis of sugar industrial effluents, J. Indl. Polln. Cont., 18(2), 139-144 (2002)
  19. Prasad R.R., Priliminary observations on the temperature gradients and light penetration in the upper 200 feet of water of the Bay of Bengal, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.,36, 61-69 (1952)
  20. Rai H. Limnological observation on the different rivers and lakes in the Ivory Coast,Hydrobiologia,44(213), 301-317 (1974)
  21. Shah A.R., Physico-chemical aspects of pollution in river Jhelum (Kashmir) during 1981-83, Book Ecol. and Pollu. of Indian Rivers, (Ed Trivedi R.K.) Ashish Pub. House New Delhi (1),163-207 (1988)
  22. Sharma K.D., Lal N. and Pathak R.D., Water quality of sewage drains entering Yamuna at Agra, Indian J. Environ. Hlth.,23(2), 118-122 (1981)
  23. Shukla B.D., Suresh C., Tripathy R., Deep Kumari V. and Pande V.S., Physico-chemical and biological characteristics of river Ganga from Mirzapur to Ballia, Indian J. Envrion. H1t,31(3), 218-227 (1989)
  24. Sikander M., Ecology of river Ganga in Varanasi with special reference to pollution Ph.D. Thesis, B.H.U., Varanasi, (1987)
  25. Sivakumar A.A., Arunadevi P., Aruchami M., Studies on water quality of the river Ambarapalaym, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. Nature Env. Polln. Techno, 2(3), 305-308 (2003)
  26. Steemann N.E. and Hansen V.K., Light adoptation in marine phytoplankton pollutions and it inter relation with temperature, Physiol. Plant.,12, 353-370 (1959)
  27. Unnisa S.A. and Khalilullah M., Impact of industrial pollution on ground and surface water quality in the Kattedan industrial area, J. of Indian Association for Enviro. Management, 31, 77-80 (2004) Wetzel R.G., Limnology. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia USA 743 (1975)
  28. WHO, Recommendations, Water and Sanitation. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Vol.1. Geneva: WHO (1984)
  29. Young F.N. and Zimmerman J.R., Variation in temperature in small aquatic situation, Ecology,37, 609-611 (1956)