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Civil disobediences to violent extremism: understanding Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Public Administration, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Nationhood and Civilization Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • 3Department of Nationhood and Civilization Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 8, Issue (1), Pages 11-15, January,14 (2019)


This is narrative study that analysed transition of Boko Haram insurgent group from nonviolent resistance movement to violent extremist insurgent group in Nigeria. Since the eruption of Boko Haram violence, to date it was alleged to have killed over 30,000 people, 2 million displacement and about 5 million are forces into serious situation of humanitarian crises. More so, efforts by the state to curtail the menace remained fruitless as frequented attacks of the group continue to manifest in the north. The data used for this analysis is largely deduced from author's experience about the insurgent group since its establishment to the eruption of its violence in the north. The analysis show brute military force used in annihilating the movement created impetus for violence hence eruption of the insurgency. It recommends that in future, authorities should desist from using force in containing nonviolent movement rather to address the cause amicably.


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