International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

A quantitative analysis of social and economic development among Indian states

Author Affiliations

  • 1HARSAC, CCS Haryana Agricultural University Campus, Hisar-125004, India

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 10, Issue (2), Pages 16-26, April,14 (2021)


Economic growth has a direct relationship with social development of a country as a whole. But the growth of economy is not always equitable to its social counterparts and often the development is concentrated in some areas/regions. The quantification of social progress is much complex and combination of multiple paramaters as compared to the economic development, which has several well-defined of mesurement creterias across the world. The present paper is an effort to quantify the social progress made by the states of India with respect to their economic growth. The common trend observed that the states with larger economy leads to achieve higher social progress. Though some states having meager economy, performed moderately in social front. Kerala is the best example of it, as the state having comparatively lower NSDP, scored top in social progress. Other notable progress on social front has been done by the states like Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab and Sikkim. Though such analyses require a long term time-series data on varous parameters to find out the causal relationship between economic growth and social progress. Moreover, higher economic growth is not always contributing the social progress equally for every region/sectors of the society. The paper presents a detailed compilation of some socio-economic paramaters including GDP per capita, its growth rate, unemployment rate, poverty line population in rural/urban areas, human development index and their distribution across the states. The information presented in the paper is a dispersal outline of above mentioned parameters in readily available module, which could be used as a reference by the stakeholders and administrator/planners for their valued judgement and assessment.


  1. Shobha, K. and Ambiga, D.P. (2014)., Inter-state disparities in India: Linkages between human development and economic indicators., Journal of Global Economics, 2(3), 1-3.
  2. Bhattacharyya, S; Burman, R.R. and Paul, S. (2019)., The concept of measuring happiness and how India can go the Nordic way., Current Science, 116(1), 26-28.
  3. Helliwell, J., Layard, R. and Sachs, J.D. (2018)., World Happiness Report 2018., Sustainable Development Solutions Network, New York. https://s3.amazonaws. com/happiness-report/2018/WHR_web.pdf accessed on 10.10.2020.
  4. Nandy, S.N. (2019)., Development disparities in India: an inter-state and intra-state comparison., Journal of Land and Rural Studies, 7(2), 99-120. DOI: 2321024919844407.
  5. Pal, P. and Ghosh, J. (2007)., Inequality in India: A survey of recent trends., DESA Working Paper No. 45 ST/ESA/2007/DWP/45. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, pp. 30.
  6. Dreze, J. and Sen, A. (1999)., India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity., OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press (No. 9780198295280).
  7. Akbar, K. (2011)., Relationship between GDP and Human Development Indices in India., Society of interdisciplinary Business Research, Conference on Interdisciplinary Business Research, Bu Ali Sina University. DOI: http://
  8. Das, A. (1999)., Socio-economic development in India: a regional analysis., Development and Society, 28(2), 313-345.
  9. Ohlan, R. (2013)., Pattern of Regional Disparities in Socio-economic Development in India: District Level Analysis., Social Indicators Research, 114(3), 841-873.
  10. Pal, S.K. (1998)., Statistics for geoscientists: techniques and applications., Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi, pp. 610.
  11. State of Indian Agriculture (2016)., Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare., Government of India, New Delhi, pp. 280.
  12. Labour Bureau Report (2016)., Ministry of Social Justice & Employment., Government of India, New Delhi.
  13. Kapoor, R. (2013)., Inequality matters., Economic and Political Weekly, XLVIII(2), 58-65.
  14. Nandy, S.N. (2014)., Road infrastructure in economically under-developed North-east India: a district level study., Journal of Infrastructure Development, 6(2), 131-144. DOI:
  15. Porter, M.E., Stern, S. and Green, M. (2014)., Social Progress Index 2014., Social Progress Imperative, Washington DC. Deloitte/cr/Documents/public-sector/2014-Social-Progress-IndexRepIMP.pdf accessed on 10.10.2020.
  16. Kapoor, A., Kapoor, M. and Lrylova, P. (2017)., Social Progress Index: States of India 2005-2016., Institute for Competitiveness, Gurugram. Pp 34.
  17. Kapoor, A. and Yadav, C. (2016)., Business Standard publication on 13.12.2016., retrieved from http://www. ented-indiaalternate-model-of-development-column-active voice-116121300201_1.html.
  18. Mundle, S., Chowdhury, S. and Sikdar, S. (2016)., Government performance of Indian states 2001-02 and 2011-12., NIPFP working paper no. 164, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delh, pp. 35.
  19. Chatterjee, A., Chakrabarty, A.S., Ghosh, A., Chakraborty, A., and Nandi, T.K. (2016)., Invariant features of spatial inequality in consumption: The case of India., Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 442,
  20. Ministry of Finance, Government of India (2013)., Report of the committee for evolving composite development index of states., pp. 49.