International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Methods of processing of Lac (Laccifer lacca Kerr) described in Unani system of Medicine

Author Affiliations

  • 1Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology), National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM, Bangalore-91, Karnataka, INDIA
  • 2 Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine, Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College (AIUMC), Muzaffarnagar, UP, INDIA

Res. J. of Pharmaceutical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 5-7, September,30 (2013)


Unani and Arab (700-1200 AD) physicians wrote about the medicinal properties of Lac in their books. Basically Lac is Indian origin drug, so they were confused earlier about the exact source and wrongly described it as plant origin drug, but were well versed with its medicinal properties and uses. All the great Unani physicians like Zakaria Razi, Majoosi, Ibn Sina, Rabban Tabri, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Bitar, Ibrahim Al Maghrabi, Hakeem Abdul Hakeem, Najmul Ghani, Jurjani and Kabeeruddin indicate extensively the medicinal use of Lac for various diseases in their respective books and treatises. Abu Hanifa also recommends its use as a medicine. 71 various methods are described for the processing of crude drugs in unani literature. Crude lac which is purchased from market or collected from any other source contains contamination like dirt, dust, insect’s remains, bird droppings, tree parts, branches, twinges and leaves etc. Before use these impurities have to be removed. Processing is done either to remove the impurities and toxicity or/and to prepare the drug in such a way so that the desired effect of the drug can be attained. Specific methods are mentioned in unani literature for the processing of crude lac is being discussed in this article.


  1. Tanwir A.M., Anzar A.M., Aisha P. and Shamim A., Therapeutic use of Gilo (Tinospora cordifolia) in Unani medicine- an overview, International Journal of Universal Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 3(4), 187-198 (2013)
  2. Hakim A.H., Bustanul Mufradat, New Delhi: Idarae kitabul shifa, 196, 516 (2002)
  3. (2013)
  4. Report: The study on Lac sub sector, Department of panchayat and rural development, Raipur: Chhattisgarh state institute of rural development, Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Nimora, 2010, 3 (2013)
  5. Singh R., Applied zoology lac culture. Department of zoology. zaranasi: Udai Pratap autonomous college; 2012: 1-18 219 /1/Lac+Culture.pdf (2013)
  6. Kabiruddin M. Makhzanul Mufradat. New Delhi: Ejaz publishing house, 331, 365 (2007)
  7. Kabiruddin M. Ilmul Advia Nafeesi ma Zameema. New Delhi: Ejaz publishing house, 331 (2007)
  8. Ghani N. Khazainul Advia, 1st ed. New Delhi: Idara kitabus shifa publication, 1175-1176 (1971)
  9. Baitar IZAA, Al Jami Li Mufradat Al Advia Wal Aghzia, Vol. IV. New Delhi: Urdu translation by CCRUM, 253-254 (2003)
  10. Maghrabi AI. Kitab Al Fath Fi Al Tadawi (Urdu Translation by Dept. of AYUSH), 1st ed. New Delhi: NCPC printers., 42,138-39 (2007)
  11. Khan MA. Ramooze Azam. Vol. II. New Delhi: Delhi printing press., 262 (1335 Hijri)
  12. Kabeeruddin M. Al Akseer, Vol. II. New Delhi: Aijaz publication house, 1403 (2003)
  13. Vohora S.B., Khan M.S.Y., Animal origin drugs used in Unani medicine, New Delhi: Vikas publication., 40 (1979)
  14. Tabri Raban. Firdausul Hikmat (Urdu translation by Hakeem Rasheed Ashraf Nadvi), New Delhi: CCRUM., 365 (2010)
  15. Suganthan D, Santhakumari G. Antifertility activity of indigenous preparation Ayush-47, Indian J Med Res., 70(3), 504-516 (1979)
  16. Ghufran A, Laique A, Khan NA. The effect of Luk magsool (processed Lac) on diet induced hyperlipidemia in albino rats. Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine, 6(2), 155-165 (2011)
  17. Kabiruddin M. Bayaze Kabir, Vol II. Delhi: Daftar al-Masih, Balli maran, 101 (1967)
  18. Lavekar GS. Inventory of animal products used in Ayurveda, Siddha & Unani, Part II. New Delhi: CCRAS., 537 (2008)
  19. National Formulary of Unani Medicine.1st ed. Part IV. New Delhi: The controller of publication, 43-44 (2006)
  20. Azam HK. Makhzanul Mujarrabat (Urdu translation Qarabadeen Azam). New Delhi: Aijaz publication house., 514 (1996)
  21. Said HM. Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine. New Delhi: Sri Satguru publications, 301-2 (1997)
  22. Aisha Perveen. Evaluation of Luk for its antifertility activity in rat model. Dissertation. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS) in Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology). Bangalore, Karnataka, India (2013)