International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

The effect of organizational affective commitment on adopter categories by hospital personnel in Turkey

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Industrial Engineering, Çukurova University, Balcalı 01330 Sarıçam, Adana, Turkey
  • 2Department of Industrial Engineering, Çukurova University, Balcalı 01330 Sarıçam, Adana, Turkey

Res. J. Management Sci., Volume 8, Issue (3), Pages 5-12, September,6 (2019)


The purpose of this study is to examine the potential relationship between the adopter categories, which are based on Roger\'s Diffusion of Innovation Theory, of healthcare personnel and their affective commitment to hospitals in Turkey. One hundred and forty-nine healthcare personnel from Adana Numune Hospital in the city of Adana, Turkey, were randomly surveyed. Chi-square analysis was carried out to test the research hypothesis that ″there is no relationship between the adopter categories and affective organizational commitment″. According to the test results, there was an association between the adopter categories and affective organizational commitment of the healthcare personnel. This study highlights important aspects of change management processes for healthcare personnel. It may help hospital managements redefine and reassess their current and future healthcare personnel regarding change resistance to Information Technologies (IT). This can consequently guide managers in the management of change process.


  1. Krovi R. (1993)., Identifying the causes of resistance to IS implementation: A change theory perspective., Information and Management, 25(6), 327-335.
  2. Walter Z. and Lopez M.S. (2008)., Physician acceptance of information technologies: Role of perceived threat to professional autonomy., Decision Support Systems, 46(1), 206-215.
  3. Ilie V., Courtney J.F. and Van Slyke C. (2007)., Paper versus Electronic: Challenges Associated with Physicians, In 40th Hawaii International International Conference on Systems Science (HICSS-40 2007), CD-ROM/Abstracts Proceedings. HI: Waikoloa, Big Island, USA. 3-6 January 2007, 142.
  4. Beer M. and Nohria N. (2000)., Cracking the code of change., In M.İnan (Eds.), HBR′s 10 must reads on change (pp. 185-208) Istanbul: Optimist.
  5. Lorenzi N.M., Novak L.L., Weiss J.B., Gadd C.S. and Unertl K.M. (2008)., Crossing the implementation chasm: a proposal for bold action., Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 15(3), 290-296.
  6. Göktan A.B. (2005)., The Role of Strategy in the Innovation Process: A Stage Approach (Dissertation Prepared For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy)., University of North Texas.
  7. Subramanian A. and Nilakanta S. (1996)., Organizational innovativeness: Exploring the relationship between organizational determinants of innovation, types of innovations, and measures of organizational performance., Omega, 24(6), 631-647.
  8. Shoham A., Vigoda-Gadot E., Ruvio A. and Schwabsky N. (2012)., Testing an organizational innovativeness integrative model across cultures., Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 29(2), 226-240.
  9. Borisch B. (2012)., 219 Advocacy Perspective on Barriers to Effective Care., European Journal of Cancer, 48, S107.
  10. Vennström A. and Erik Eriksson P. (2010)., Client perceived barriers to change of the construction process., Construction Innovation, 10(2), 126-137.
  11. Carayannis E.G., Gonzalez E. and Wetter J. (2003)., The nature and dynamics of discontinuous and disruptive innovations from a learning and knowledge management perspective., The international handbook on innovation, (Part II).
  12. Lin T.T., Chiu V.C. and Lim W. (2011)., Factors affecting the adoption of social network sites: examining four adopter categories of Singapore, Asian Journal of Communication, 21(3), 221-242.
  13. Lluch M. (2011)., Healthcare professionals′ organisational barriers to health information technologies-A literature review., International journal of medical informatics, 80(12), 849-862.
  14. Fallowfield L. and Jenkins V. (2012)., 220 Internal Barriers to Effective Care (Staff Dynamics)., European Journal of Cancer, 48, S107.
  15. Sitzia J. (2002)., Barriers to research utilisation: the clinical setting and nurses themselves., Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 18(4), 230-243.
  16. Walston S. and Chou A.F. (2011)., CEO perceptions of organizational consensus and its impact on hospital restructuring outcomes., Journal of health organization and management, 25(2), 176-194.
  17. Newman M., Papadopoulos I. and Sigsworth J. (1998)., Barriers to evidence-based practice., Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 14(5), 231-238.
  18. Hadjimanolis A. (2003)., The barriers approach to innovation., The international handbook on innovation.
  19. Timmerman J.C. (2010)., Service innovation framework., Rochester Institute of Technology.
  20. Brockhoff K., Chakrabarti A.K. and Hauschildt J. (2013)., The dynamics of innovation: strategic and managerial implications., Springer Science & Business Media.
  21. Rogers E.M. (1995)., Diffusion of Innovations (4th ed.)., The Free Press, New York.
  22. Garcia R. and Calantone R. (2002)., A critical look at technological innovation typology and innovativeness terminology: a literature review., Journal of Product Innovation Management: An International Publication of the Product Development & Management Association, 19(2), 110-132.
  23. Tyagi C.L. and Kumar A. (2004)., Consumer behaviour., Atlantic Publishers and Dist.
  24. Moldovan S. and Goldenberg J. (2004)., Cellular automata modeling of resistance to innovations: Effects and solutions., Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71(5), 425-442.
  25. Sheth J.N. and Stellner W.H. (1979)., Psychology of innovation resistance: the less developed concept (LDC) in diffusion research/BEBR No. 622., Faculty working papers/University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Commerce and Business Administration, 622.
  26. Huang K.C., Lu N., Chang W.J., Chang H.C. and Chen J.S. (2012)., Correlates of Perceived Competitive Advantage among Hospital Management: A Multilevel Analysis., J Exp Clin Med, 4(3), 170-174.
  27. Hargie C. and Tourish D. (1996)., Corporate Communication in the Management of Innovation and Change., Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 1(2), 3-11.
  28. Gil F., Ramon R., Alcover C.M. and Angel B. (2005)., satisfaction and performance in work groups Effects of team climate and group potency., Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20(3-4), 312-328.
  29. Zwick T. (2002)., Employee resistance against innovations., International Journal of Manpower, 23(6), 542-552.
  30. Mdletye M.A., Coetzee J. and Ukpere W.I. (2014)., The reality of resistance to change behaviour at the Department of Correctional Services of South Africa., Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(3), 548.
  31. Nafei W.A. (2014)., Assessing employee attitudes towards organizational commitment and change: The case of King Faisal Hospital in Al-Taif Governorate, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia., J. Mgmt. and Sustainability, 4, 204.
  32. Bakan İ. (2011)., Örgütsel stratejilerin temeli örgütsel bağlılık: Kavram, kuram, sebep ve sonuçlar., Ankara: Gazi.
  33. Chong A.Y.L. and Chan F.T. (2012)., Structural equation modeling for multi-stage analysis on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) diffusion in the health care industry., Expert Systems with Applications, 39(10), 8645-8654.
  34. Fishbein M. and Ajzen I. (1975)., Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research., Reading, Mass; Don Mills, Ontario: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.
  35. Davis F.D. (1989)., Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology., MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-340.
  36. Ajzen I. (1991)., The theory of planned behavior., Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.
  37. Stam K.R. and Stanton J.M. (2010)., Events, emotions, and technology: examining acceptance of workplace technology changes., Information Technology, 23(1), 23-53.
  38. Jafri M.H. (2010)., Organizational commitment and employee, Journal of Management Research, 10(1), 62.
  39. Meyer J.P. and Allen N.J. (1991)., A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment., Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89.
  40. Podsakoff P.M., Mackenzie S.B., Paine J.B. and Bachrach D.G. (2000)., Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Critical Review of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature and Suggestions for Future Research., Journal of Management, 26(3), 513-563.
  41. Mathieu J.E. and Zajac D.M. (1990)., A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment., Psychological Bulletin, 108(2), 171.
  42. Cook J. and Wall T. (1980)., New Work Attitude Measures of Trust, Organizational Commitment and Personal Need Non-Fulfillment., Journal of Occupational Psychology, 53(1), 39-52.
  43. Gladwell M. (2005)., Blink (D. Sağıroğlu, Trans.)., Mediacat, Istanbul.
  44. Morris J.H. and Steers R.M. (1980)., Structural influences on organizational commitment., Journal of Vocational Behavior, 17(1), 50-57.
  45. Hurt H.T., Joseph K. and Cook C.D. (1977)., Scales for the measurement of innovativeness., Human Communication Research, 4(1), 58-65.
  46. Mowday R.T., Steers R.M. and Porter L.W. (1979)., The measurement of organizational commitment., Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14(2), 224-247.
  47. Hair J.F., Black W.C., Babin B.J., Anderson R.E. and Tatham R.L. (1998)., Multivariate data analysis., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prenticehall, 5(3), 207-219.
  48. Israel D. (2008)., Data analysis in business research: a step-by-step nonparametric approach., Sage Publications.
  49. Özbay Ö. (2009)., Çapraz tablo analizi nasil yapilir?: pratik bir açiklama [ How to make crosstable analysis: a practical explanation]., HÜTAD.
  50. Zakaria Z. (2001)., Factors related to information technology implementation in the Malaysian Ministry of Education Polytechnics (Doctoral dissertation)., Virginia Tech.
  51. Valente T.W. (1996)., Social network thresholds in the diffusion of innovations., Social Networks, 18(1), 69-89.
  52. Gallo K.P. and Barlow D.H. (2012)., Factors involved in clinician adoption and nonadoption of evidence‐based interventions in mental health., Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 19(1), 93-106.
  53. Hsu C.L., Lu H.P. and Hsu H.H. (2007)., Adoption of the mobile Internet: An empirical study of multimedia message service (MMS)., Omega, 35(6), 715-726.
  54. Pink D.H. (2006)., A whole New Mind (A. Özer, Trans.)., Mediacat, Istanbul.