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Basic Purification and Management of Household Waste in the District of Abomey-Calavi in Benin Republic: Case of Agamadin, Gbodjo and Tokpa-zoungo areas

Author Affiliations

  • 1Interfaculty Centre of Training and Research in Environment for Sustainable Development (CIFRED),University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 03 BP 1463, Jéricho, Cotonou, BENIN
  • 2Laboratory of Science and Technology of Water (LSTE), School Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC),01 BP 2009 , Abomey-Calavi, BENIN
  • 3 Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01BP 526 Abomey-Calavi, BENIN
  • 4Laboratoire Study of Climates, Water Resources of the dynamics of ecosystems,University of Abomey-Calavi, (UAC), BP: 1338, Abomey-Calavi, BENIN

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 28-34, March,22 (2013)


The district of Abomey-Calavi has been going through an important demographic growth since the 1980s. This triggers difficulties in the management of waste and waste water and makes of this district a high-risk area for the basic purification. With the aim of contributing to a better knowledge of the issues of basic purification for a more effective intervention, we studied the problem concerning the management of domestic solid waste in the deprived areas: Agamadin, Gbodjo and Tokpa-zoungo. A descriptive and analytical study was carried out. The technique of sampling was a random one. Of our investigations, it emerges that 34,52 % of the investigated households are subscribed to the structures of pre-collection of garbage while 65,48 % are not. The garbage is daily deposited by households deprived of trash cans. The garbage of both subscribed households and non-subscribers finishes on the wild garbage dumps. The filth heaps proliferates in districts. Waste water of shower, laundry and dish washing is poured in the middle of streets or in open-air, half or fully closed catch basins.


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