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Effect of house hold detergent on the brain histology of fresh water murrel Channa punctatus

Author Affiliations

  • 1Zoology Department, Nowrosjee Wadia College, Pune, India
  • 2Zoology Department, Nowrosjee Wadia College, Pune, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 12, Issue (3), Pages 30-36, October,22 (2023)


In India detergent is widely used for cleanliness and hygiene at domestic and industrial level. Detergent accumulates in aquatic ecosystems and exerts toxic effects on aquatic animals. Present study aimed to investigate effects of surf excels detergent in water on brain tissue of Channa punctatus. Treatments including 0 (control), 17 and 30mg/L for 7 days. Histopathological analysis was performed after 3, 5 and 7 days of exposure. No significant changes were observed for control and exposure to 17mg/L for 3 days whereas structural degeneration, hypertrophy, hyperplasia observed in 17 mg/L concentration treatment after 5 and 7 days, 30mg/L concentration treatment showed structural degeneration, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, vacuolization, fissure and congestion after 3, 5 and 7 days of exposure.


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