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Ochratoxin: A Potent Carcinogen

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan and Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
  • 2College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 3College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 4Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
  • 5Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
  • 6Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
  • 7Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (11), Pages 21-26, November,10 (2016)


Ochratoxins are hazardous mycotoxins in nature produced by type of species Aspergillus ochraceous and Aspergillus penecillium. Ochratoxins are the carcinogenic mycotoxins and these toxins may be present in different food entities, plants and animal products. It is placed in group 2B by IARC (the International Agency for Research on Cancer) and is an apparent carcinogen to human beings. Naturally, Ochratoxins, A, B and C are known but Ochratoxin A has been known as a potent nephrotoxic specie. This review introduces Ochratoxin, its presence in food commodities, its harmful effects and current methods for determining ochratoxins.


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