International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of Season on Mortality of Japanese Quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) in Different Age Groups

Author Affiliations

  • 1Central Poultry Development Organization (Eastern Region), Bhubaneswar-751012, Odisha, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 29-33, July,10 (2015)


Two years data on mortality of Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) of Central Poultry Development Organization (Eastern Region), Bhubaneswar (from October, 2012 to July, 2014) in three different seasons of summer, monsoon and winter were analyzed. The average temperature ranges between 100 C in winter to 450 C in summer. The average relative humidity ranges from 40% to 95%. Average annual rainfall is 154cm. The total chick (0-3 week) mortality was 3.65 % with a weekly value of 7.25 % in 1st week, 2.06 % in 2nd week and 0.93 % in 3rd week. So far as seasons were concerned, 1st, 2nd and 3rd weeks mortality were 8.99 %, 3.12 % and 1.75 % in monsoon; 7.63 %, 2.52 % and 0.87 % in winter and 6.69 %, 1.62 % and 0.84 % in summer respectively. The mortality as recorded on total chicks rearing was significantly lowest (P0.01) in summer followed by winter and monsoon. The season’s pooled mortality in grower (4-5 week) and adult (above 5 week) were 0.70 % and 0.53 % respectively. The overall Japanese quail death was significantly (P>0.01) higher in monsoon followed by winter and summer


  1. Thear K., Keeping quail (a guide to domestic and commercial management), third edition, published by Broad Leys Publishing Company London E9 5EN. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, (1998)
  2. Mizutani M., The Japanese quail, Laboratory Animal Reasearch Station, Nippon Institute for Biological Science, Kobuchizawa, Yamanashi, Japan, 408-0041 (2003)
  3. Puspamitra S., Mohanty P.K. and Mallik B.K., Haematological Analyses of Japanese Quail Coturnixcoturnix japonica) at different stages of growth, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 3(11), 51-53 (2014)
  4. Mills A.D., Crawford L.L., Domjan M. and Faure J.M., The behavior of the Japanese and domestic quailCoturnix japonica, Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Review, 21, 261-81 (1997)
  5. Hubrecht R. and Kirkwood J., The UFAW Handbook on the care and management of laboratory and other research animals, 655-74 (2010)
  6. Ainsworth S.J., Stanley R.L. and Evan D.J., Developmental stages of Japanese Quail, Journal of Anatomy, 216, 3-15 (2010)
  7. Chang G.B., Liu X. P., Chang H., Chen G.H., Zhao W. M., JiD J., Chen R., Quin Y.R., Shi X.K. and Hu G.S., Behavioral differentiation between wild Japanese quail, domestic quail and their first filial generation, Poult. Sci., 88, 1137-42 (2009)
  8. Babangida S. and Ubosi C.O., Effects of varying dietary protein levels on the performance of laying Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) in a semi-arid environment, Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 33, 45-52 (2006)
  9. Deka K. and Borah J., Haematological and biochemical changes in Japanese Quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) and chickens due to Ascardiagalli infection, Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7(7), 704-710 (2008)
  10. Snedecor G.W. and Cochran W.G., Statistical Methods, th edition, Afiliated East-West press, East –west press pvt. Ltd, New delhi, India, 313 (1994)
  11. Kumar V.P., Singh J.P. and Mahalati S., Indian J. Poult. Sci., 33, 217-20 (1998)
  12. Mallik B.K., Bangar N.P., Vyas O.P. and Ahmad M., Effect of seasons on hatchability and mortality in Japanese quails (Coturnixcoturnix japonica), Indian J. Poult. Sci., 36(3), 321-322 (2001)