International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

e-Elections - an alternative to reduce the risk of spread of a pandemic like COVID-19 and also save many resources

Author Affiliations

  • 1Information Technology, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg (491001), Chhattisgarh, India
  • 2Information Technology, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg (491001), Chhattisgarh, India

Res. J. Computer & IT Sci., Volume 10, Issue (1), Pages 15-18, June,20 (2022)


In all the republic and democratic countries, elections play a very important role. Elections are considered as the heart of democracy. India being the most populous democracy in the world holds various elections every year. Over millions of people vote actively every year in several elections all over the country. These elections should be conducted fairly, impartially and there should be proper transparency. To ensure fair elections, a whole committee is formed which consists of several officers to keep an eye on the proper and impartial conduction of the elections. Citizens are encouraged to vote and contribute in electing their democratic leaders and advised not to waste their vote. On the polling day, citizens visit the polling booths and responsibly cast their votes. But when contemplated, it comes out that elections cause a lot of issues and disturbance in the society. From extensive use of resources in campaigning for elections to standing for hours in the queue to cast votes, there exist certain problems that are posed by the elections. And during this pandemic of COVID-19, it is better that we find some alternative to the natural way of conducting elections and thus avoid large gatherings of people in election campaigns or at the polling booths.


  1. Chhibber, Pradeep and Petrocik, John R.K. (1989)., The Puzzle of Indian Politics: Social Cleavages and the Indian Party System., British Journal of Political Science, 19(2), 191-210. DOI : 10.1017/S0007123400005433
  2. Hauser, Walter and Singer, Wendy (1986)., The Democratic Rite: Celebration and Participation in the Indian Elections., Asian Survey, 26(9), 941-58. DOI : 10.1525/as.1986.26.9.01p0412r
  3. Srinivasan Ramani and Vignesh Radhakrishnan (2020)., World within a country: The size of India’s electorate in four charts., Accessed on : 05/10/2020
  4. Chandra, Kanchan (2008)., Why voters in patronage democracies split their tickets: Strategic voting for ethnic parties., Electoral Studies, 28, pp. 21-32. DOI : 10.1016/j. electstud.2008.06.006
  5. Prabhash K Dutta (2020)., Elections in India: How BJP retained leadership in polls., Accessed on: 06/10/2020
  6. Dipak Mishra (2020)., Thousands attend rallies, no masks — Covid makes no difference to Bihar election campaign., Accessed on: 06/10/2020
  7. Baccini, L., Brodeur, A., & Weymouth, S. (2021)., The COVID-19 pandemic and the 2020 US presidential election., Journal of Population Economics, 34(2), 739-767.
  8. BBC News (2021)., Trump says universal mail-in voting would be, Accessed on: 03/07/2021
  9. Ahuja, A., & Chhibber, P. (2007)., Civic Duty, Empowerment and Patronage: Patterns of Political Participation in India., In Comparative Politics Workshop, University of California, Los Angeles. Available at
  10. Lijphart, Arend (1996)., The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation., The American Political Science Review, 90(2), 258-68. DOI : 10.2307/2082883
  11. Shah, A.M. (2007)., Introduction’, in A.M. Shah (ed.), The Grassroots of Democracy: Field Studies of Indian Elections., Delhi: Permanent black, pp. 1-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2013.05.007.