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Bioactive Compounds and Medicinal Value of two Spices-Zingiber officinale Rosc. and Curcuma longa Linn

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, faculty of Sciences and technics, Marien NGOUABI, University, Brazzaville, Congo
  • 2Department of Chemistry, faculty of Sciences and technics, Marien NGOUABI, University, Brazzaville, Congo

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 6, Issue (10), Pages 35-40, October,18 (2016)


Zingiber officinale Rosc. and Curcuma longa Linn are two medicinal plants widely used as spices and are known in folk medicine for their various uses. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the two spices were undertaken in various solvents using different methods to determine the medicinal value of these spices. The spices were assessed for the following phytochemicals: glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, terpenoids, tannins, tannins, phenols, carotenoids, anthocyanins and steroids. The test compounds were present in most of the screened plant extracts. Morever phytochemicals were highly present in ethanol extracts of both plants than in ethyl acetat extracts. Anthocyanins, phenols and tannins were the most common phytochemicals present in the extracts. Quantitative analysis showed that the plants contained various concentrations of phytochemicals. The results also indicated that C.longa contained appreciable amounts (0.02±0.01-15.07±0.04%) of phytoconstituents other than ginger (0.02±0.03-22.41%). The spices contained different bioactive compounds with biological properties leading us to conclude that consumption of the two varieties of capsicum spices may be important in health care and could be recommended in nutritional supplementation either as source of drugs in folk medicine.


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