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Satellite Data Based Groundwater Prospects Study in Gurgaon District, Haryana, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Haryana Space Applications Centre (HARSAC),
  • 2Deptt.of Science and Technology, Haryana, CCS HAU Campus, Hisar-125004, Haryana, INDIA Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (ISC-2014), Pages 255-260, (2015)

Abstract

Water is the prime natural resource for sustaining the life on the earth. The increasing population, urbanisation, industrialisation and agricultural practices have put pressure on the availability and quality of water especially on groundwater. For fulfilling the increasing demand of water in various sectors, there is need of searching, planning and management of surface and groundwater resources. In the present technological era, the remote sensing satellite data are highly useful for searching potential groundwater sites. In the study, IRS P6 LISS III satellite data of the year 2006 have been used for groundwater prospects mapping in Gurgaon district of Haryana State. Gurgaon district is situated between the latitudes 27o3958 N to 28o3230N and longitudes 76o3910E to 77o2027E and covering 1254 sq.km area. The climate of the district is semi-arid type. The district has rocks of Delhi Super group comprising mainly quartzite and most part of the district is covered with alluvium and sand of Quaternary age. The present study has been carried out with main objective to map groundwater prospects in the district using satellite data. For achieving the objective, various thematic maps such as base map, lithology, lineament, geomorphology and drainage have been prepared on 1:50,000 scale with the help of IRS P6 LISS III satellite data of the year 2006, Survey of India (SOI) Toposheets and District Resource Map of Geological Survey of India (GSI) in ArcGIS 9.3 software. All the thematic maps have been integrated and prepared groundwater prospects map. Field visit has been done at selected locations to check the interpreted features. The field information has been incorporated in the pre-field maps and finalized all the thematic maps as well as groundwater prospects map. In the district, major groundwater prospects units are older alluvial plain, aeolian plain, sand dune complex, denudational hills and structural hills.The groundwater prospects in older alluvial plain is good to very good; in aeolian plain the groundwater prospects is moderate to good while in sand dune complex, denudational hills and structural hills the groundwater prospects is poor.The study provides the scenario of groundwater potential for targeting groundwater exploration sites, planning and management in the district.

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