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Biopsychosocial experiences based on Perception of Coronary artery disease patients: A medical anthropological study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, INDIA
  • 2Advance Cardiac Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (ISC-2014), Pages 240-245, (2015)


Coronary heart disease (CHD) or Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is major cause of death in many countries. Psychosocial factors have not received adequate attention in the cardiovascular aetiological studies. In the present study, biopsychosocial experiences of 100 (50 males and 50 females) medically diagnosed patients of coronary heart disease admitted at PGIMER, Chandigarh were investigated based on psychometric analysis using DS14 scale and in-depth interviews. The results revealed that family history, unhealthy eating habits, sedentary life style, stress, anxiety and depression (type D personality) were major determinants. Pearson chi-square test revealed significant gender difference for Type of CAD whereas no significant gender differences were observed for type D personality and its sub-traits and co-morbities (Diabetes and Hypertension) in coronary artery disease patients. It was suggested that cardiac patients require multiple-level treatment from a variety of clinical professionals including cardiologists, psychologists, physical therapists and non-paramedical staff; besides effective medical intervention by these experts, effective psycho-social support by family or friends or others may provide a holistic and multidimensional treatment.


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