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A comparative Analysis of Infancy Nutrition among Dangolion tharu with gond

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Home Science, Lucknow University UP INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (ISC-2014), Pages 216-221, (2015)

Abstract

Infancy is a period of one year after the birth of baby. This period is the time of most rapid growth. The average weight of most healthy new born baby is around 3.2 kg. Colostrum secreted during the first two or three days after delivery thick and yellowish fluid about 10-40 ml that is rich in protein. It is first immunization contains antibodies against viral disease such as small pox, polio, measles and influenza. Recommended strategies to promote breast feeding include, education programme, post-portam support and peer counselling, hospital rooming in of mother with infant, encouraging early maternal contact and frequent, on-demand breast-feeding, elimination of commercial discharge package for new mothers, and discouraging the early use of artificial nipples and pacifiers. Human milk is tailored precisely for the growth and development needs of the human infant. Breast milk contains taurine, an important nutrient for brain and nerve growth whereas cow milk contain none. It is also rich in vitamin A, C and E. The vitamin B content depends on material intake and meets calculated standards. The Supreme Court dated 28-11-01 has given direction by order passed for infants, children, pregnant women and lactating mothers. The direction for infants energy 300 kCal and 8-10 gm protein and for malnourished babies get 600 kCal and 16 to 20 gms of protein and efforts shall be made that all including SC/ST hamlet. The tharu and Gond tribes are populated at Indo-Nepal border both were recognized as schedule tribes by Govt. of India gives many special social, educational, economic and other rights. They were primary victim of the backwardness. The main objective of the paper is to analyze comparatively the infancy nutrition with government assistance among dangolion Tharus and Gond Schedule Tribe population. The validation cohort n=50 in each community of Tharu of Balrampur district and Gond of Basti district of U.P., India. The main findings of the paper, the higher the frequency and time per time of breast feeding 12 times and 10 minutes or more among halves of 0-6 month of age groups, and higher the intake of chaknabhat with breast feeding more than12 times observed a healthy or overweight infants. Whereas the awareness for requirement of infants nutrition attitude and practices were found negligible. The calculated value of chi-square was found much more higher(38) as compared to table value(3.841) at one degree of freedom and 5% significant level. Therefore null hypothesis rejected and alternate hypothesis accepted i.e. healthy nutrition brings healthy infancy among both community Tharu and Gond.

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