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Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas and its Environmental Impacts

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Petroleum Engineering, Indian School of Mines Dhanbad, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 4, Issue (ISC-2014), Pages 1-7, (2015)


Anywhere around the world, it is very difficult to imagine life, industrial process and private activity without oil and gas. Oil and gas resources are very limited and new technologies are being developed to extract more and more from these limited oil and gas reservoir. One such Technology to develop oil and gas fields is Hydraulic Fracturing, which is controversial due to its environmental footprints. Though implementation of hydraulic fracturing techniques has brought down the price of gas and electricity by increasing the natural gas production from unconventional reservoir like Tight gas, Shale Gas/Oil and CBM reservoirs, but this is on the cost of contamination of ground water resources, surface spills of chemicals causing soil pollution, noise pollution due to the large engines/pumps being used and the prolong contact with the chemical used can cause various health issues. In this paper, we will try to focus on the environmental impacts of chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing and well development and how huge water requirement for the hydraulic fracturing job can create problems for human water needs. In this paper the importance of realization of direct impact of fracturing fluids on environment and human health will be emphasized.


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