International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Choice of Wireless Technologies for Rural Connectivity - in the context of Developing countries

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Basar, INDIA-504107

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 41-47, (2014)


Optimisation of ICT brings measurable changes for development of a country. Initiation of telecenters, bridges the digital divide in rural areas, by empowering social interactions and networking among people. Internet connectivity is essential to enable services in telecenters. Among different wired and wireless connectivity options, selection of suitable technology for rural deployment is a must. In this paper, we limited our comparision to different wireless technologies like Wi-Fi, Wimax, CDMA450 and VSAT technologies, for deployment at a telecenter, with a motive to reach social goals such as e-education, telemedicine, e-livelihood, virtual agriculture etc. Comparision of wireless technologies is done using multicriterion ‘decision making analysis tool’ AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) to obtain a technology that better suits rural settings. Several attributes under the category of technical, social, environmental and economical aspects are taken for optimal comparision of wireless technologies.


  1. Satea Hikmat Aboud, Wireless network design for telecenter in rural area, ICT Thesis, University Utara Malaysia (2009)
  2. Tauseef Ahmad Siddiqui, MS report on Analysis of fixed and mobile Wimaxin Blekinge Institute of technology, 38-57 (2007)
  3. Sonesh surana, Robin patra and Eric brewer, Potential of CDMA450 for Rural network connectivity, IEEE Communications Magazine, 45(1), 128-135 (2007)
  4. Jperf tutorial (2013)
  5. Saaty T.L., Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process, Int. J. Services Sciences,1(1), 83-97 (2008)
  6. Saaty, The Analytical Hierarchy Process – What it is and how it is used, Mathl modeling,9(3-5), 161-176 (1987)
  7. ICTD Newsletter, Project Ashwini by National Institute of smart government, 2-10 (2006)
  8. Bhaskaran raman, Kameswari Chebrolu, Experiences in using Wi-Fi for rural internet in India, IEEE Communications Magazine, 0163-6804/07, 1-4 (2007)
  9. 10.Harris R., Telecenter Evaluation in the Malaysian Context, International Conference on IT in Asia, (2007) , 41-47 (2014)
  10. Harris R., Telecenter Evaluation in the Malaysian Context, International Conference on IT in Asia, (2007)
  11. Pejman Roshan and Jonathan Leary, 802.11 LAN fundamentals book-Cisco press, 123-137 (2003)
  12. Gerard Maral, VSAT networks, John Wiley and Son’s Ltd, nd Edition, 26-64 (1995)
  13. INTELSAT applications and training department, INTELSAT VSAT handbook, 33-55 (1998)
  14. Understanding Jitter in packet voice networks (2014)
  15. Bapuji Kanaparthi, MTech report on Understanding and implementing AHP using Matlab and Scilab packages, 8-14 (2009)
  16. Vinoth Gunasekaran, Fotios C. Harmantzis, Emerging wireless technologies for developing countries, Technology in society, 23-42 (2007)
  17. Jhujhunwala Ashok, Next generation wireless for rural areas, IJRSP,36, 165 (2007)
  18. Sonesh Surana, PhD report of Designing sustainable rural wireless networks for developing regions-WiLDnet design, University of California,EECS-2009-188 (2009)
  19. Bhaskar Rammurthi, Broadband wireless technology for rural India, IJRSP, 36 (2007)
  20. group(2014)
  21. Understanding Latency (2014)
  22. F. Simbra, L. Trojer, Rural Connectivity technologies cost analysis- World academy of science, engineering and technology, 59 (2009)
  23. N. Somashekara, A. Sivarama Prasad, An analytical Hierarchy process for choice of technologies- an application, Technical forecasting and social change,38, 151-158 (1990)
  24. Akilesh Bhadauria, MTech theis on WiFinetMon- Interference measurement in long distance wifi mesh networks, IIT Kanpur (2007)
  25. Timothy Gonslaves, A. Balaji, The performance of the corDECT Voice/ Data Wireless local loop, IETE Journal research,46, 489-503 (2000)
  26. F. Simba, B.M. Mwinyiwiwa, Broadband Access technologies for rural connectivity in developing countries, IJRRCS 2(2),(2011)
  27. Atanu Garai, B Shadrach, Taking ICT to every Indian villages, Opportunities and Challenges, IJEDICT, 2(4),157-160 (2006)
  28. Sunil Kr. Singh, Architectutal Performance of Wimax over Wifi with reliable QoS over Wireless Communication, IJANA, 3(01), 1017-1024 (2011)
  29. Jhunjhunwala Ashok and Ramachander Sangamitra, Commentary: The Role of Wireless technologies in connecting Rural India, IJRSP, 34 (2005)