International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Impact of Monocrotophos on the Histopathological Changes in the Gills of Mosquito Fish, Gambusia Affinis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Hutatma Rajguru Mahavidyalaya, Rajgurunagar, University of Pune, 410505, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 29-32, (2014)


Gambusia affinis is a fresh-water fish, but occurs also in brackish water. In aquatic resources, fishes are sensitive to the toxic substances mixed into water and deleterious effect of metals or heavy metals on fishes. The mosquitoes are breeding the larvae into the water which is the feeding source of the mosquito fish, called as Mosquito fish. The toxic substances are damage to the organism and degree of the cell damage reflects the various concentrations of the pollutants. In the present study an attempt is made to the Monocrotophos, an industrial as well agricultural effluence on Gambusia affinis. 50% mortality was exposure to Monocrotophos on 0.4 ppm at 96 hrs. The impact of Monocrotophos on the gill of Gambusia affinis, gill filaments are twisted and primary axis is in filtered of Gambusia affinis. The gill exhibited a film of coagulated mucous over the gill surface.


  1. Hinton and Lauren. Liver structural alterations accompanying chronic toxicity in fishes potential biomarkers of exposure. In: McCarthy, J.F. Shugart, L.R. (eds.) Biomarkers of environmental contamination, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, 17-5 (1990)
  2. Rao J.V., Begum G., Shridhar V., Reddy N. and Sublethal C., Effect of monocrotophos on locomotor behaviors and gill architecture of the mosquito fish, Gambusia affinis. J. Environ. Sci. Heal. B., 40, 813-825 (2005)
  3. Parihar S.S., Kumar A., Kumar A, Gupta R.N., Pathak M., Shrivastav A. and Pandey A.C. Physico-Chemical and Microbiological analysis of underground water in and around Gwalior City, MP, India, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(6), 62-65 (2012)29-32 (2014)
  4. Odunaike R.K., Fasunwon O.O., Akinyemi L.P. and Odusote O.O. Physical- chemical characterization of Oil sands at lmeri in Ogun state of South West, Nigeria, Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(8), 1-7 (2013)
  5. Abbai S.S. and Sunkad B.N. Effect of Anthropogenic activities on Zooplankton population of Sogal Pond, Belgaum District, Karnataka, India, Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(7), 81-83 (2013)
  6. Sonaraj I.R., Ranjitsingh A.J., Pushparaj A. and Ramathilagam G. Pesticidal stress influenced respiratory alterations in the fresh water fish, Mystus vittatus, Indian J. Environ. And Ecoplan, 10, 803-806 (2005)
  7. Sajid A. and Muhammad J., Studies on Acute Toxicity of metals to the Fish, Catla catla, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 1807-1811 (2006)
  8. Hossain M.A., Sujaul I.M. and Nasly M.A. Water quality Index: an indicator of surface water pollution in eastern part of Perinsular Malaysia, Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(10), 10-17 (2013)
  9. Kushwah R.M., Malik S. and Singh A. Water quality assessment of raw sewage and Final treated water with special reference to waste water treatment plant Bhopal, MP, India, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(ISC- 20111), 185-190 (2012)
  10. Iyyappam K., Studies on the impact of coal-carbonization and fertilizer plant combined effluent in relation to abiotic and biotic components of a riverine ecosystem. Ph. D thesis, Annamalai University (2000)
  11. Revathi K., Sharmili R. and Usha S. Biochemical studies on the effect of organophosphorous compound on Sarotherodon mossambicus (Trewas), J. exptl. Zoo India, 365-368 (2003)
  12. Baird S.F. and Girard C., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected by Captains R. B. Marcy, and Geo. B. M'Clellan, in Arkansas, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil., 390-392 (1853)
  13. Wooten M.C., Scribner KT and Smith MH. Genetic variability and systematic of Gambusia in the Southeastern United States, Copeia, 283-289 (1988)
  14. Fuller P.L., Nico L.G. and Williams J.D. Nonindiginous fishes introduced into inlad water of the United States: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 27, 613 (1999)
  15. Cengiz E.I. and Unlu E. Histopathological changes in the gills of mosquito fish, Gambusis affinis exposed to endosulfan, Environ. Conta. And Toxicology, 68, 290-296 (2001)
  16. Cengiz E.I. and Unlu E. Histopathology of gills in mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis after long-term exposure to sublethal concentration of malathion. Journal of Environmental Science Heal. B., 38, 581-589 (2003)
  17. Pandey and Shukla. A fundamental of toxicology, text book, 366 (2005)
  18. Godkar P.B. and Godkar D.P. Text book of medical laboratory technology, 2nd Edition, Bhalani Publishing House, 439-441 (2003)
  19. Ferguson D.E., The ecological consequences of pesticide resistance in fishes, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol, 97 (1967)
  20. Ferguson D.E. and Bingham C.R. The effect of combination of pesticides on susceptible and resistant mosquito fish, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol, 97 (1966)
  21. Finney L. and Berman E.R. Invest. Opthamol, 15, 789 (1976)
  22. Vinodhini R. and Narayanan M., Heavy Metal Induced Histopathological Alterations in Selected Organs of the Cyprinus carpio L. (Common Carp), International Journal of Environmental Research, 95-100 (2009)