International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effects of Polyvinyl Chloride Addition on Swelling Resistance of Nitril Rubber

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Engineering Materials, Babylon University, IRAQ
  • 2Technical Institute of Babylon, Babylon, IRAQ

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 209-211, (2014)


A research aim to improving the swelling resistance of Nitril rubber NBR by insertion a various amounts of Polyvinyl chloride PVC,(30% ,50% and 70% ) respectively, at curing condition (temperature 170 C, pressure 90 bar during 20 min) that leads to create a new polymer morphology of polymer blend. Swelling resistance in the oil and distilled water exponentially improved with increasing PVC content in blend, weather resistance and thermal stability of NBR is also developed with PVC addition due to PVC have higher glass transition temperature which 87 C than NBR which is -15 C.


  1. Al-Mosawi Ali I., Al-Maamori Mohammad H. and AL-Mayalee Khalidah H., Spectroscopic Studies of Polyester Carbon Black Composites , Research Journal of Material Sciences , 1(2), 10-14 (2013)
  2. Manoj N.R. and De P.P., A n Investigation of the Chemical Interaction in Blends of Poly (vinyl chloride ) and Rubber During Processing, Polymer, 39, 733741 (1998)
  3. Ramesh P. and De S.K., Carboxylated nitrile rubber as a reactive compatibilizer for immiscible blends of poly(vinyl chloride) and epoxidized natural rubber, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 50, 1369-1377 (1993)
  4. Al-Maamori Mohammad H., Al-Mosawi Ali I., Saadon Laith M., Effect of physical additives of shells powder on mechanical properties of natural rubber, International Journal of Technical Research and Applications ,1(3), 31-33 (2013)
  5. DeMarco R.D., Woods M.E. and Arnold L.F., Processing of Powdered PVC-NBR Polyblend Compounds, Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 45(4), 1111-1124 (1972)
  6. Wu S., Polymer Interface and Adhesion, Marcel Dekker, New York (1982)
  7. Ciesielski Andrew., An introduction to rubber technology, st edition, Rapra technology limited, (2000)
  8. Mao X.D., Xu S.A. and Wu C.F., Dynamic Mechanical Properties of EPDM Rubber Blends, Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 47(2), 209-214 (2008)
  9. Ahmed Khalil., Nizami S.S., Raza N.Z. and Shirin Khaula., Cure Characteristics, Mechanical and Swelling Properties of Marble Sludge Filled EPDM Modified Chloroprene Rubber Blends, Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 90-97 (2012)