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Variation in Morphology and Crystallinity of ZTO Ceramics

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Physics, University of Calicut, Malappuram-673 635, Kerala, INDIA

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 3, Issue (ISC-2013), Pages 71-74, (2014)


Higher electron mobility, interesting optical properties and their stability under extreme conditions made Zinc Stannate or zinc tin oxide (ZTO) a promising candidate for applications such as solar cells, gas sensing, photo catalysis etc. Among the different methods of synthesizing ZTO ceramics, the hydrothermal method is an attractive green process, carried out at relatively low temperatures. We report the characterisation of surfactant free hydrothermally prepared Zinc Stannate ceramics. The pH of the crystal growing medium is varied as 7, 8 and 10. The improvement of crystallinity of the samples with increase in basicity of the medium is clear from XRD (X-Ray Diffraction) results. Amorphous nature of the sample drastically changed and showed high crystalline nature while the pH of the medium increased to 10. The chemical composition of the samples was confirmed via EDS (Energy Dispersive Spectra). The pH variation has a prominent effect on the morphology of the sample. Perfect cubic shaped particles were observed for high pH sample in the SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) images. Diffuse reflectance spectra analysis showed that the UV absorption characteristic is also improved with the increase in basicity of the medium.


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