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Lexicographic Study of the Tract Definitions by Obayd Zakani

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Persian Language and Literature, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, IRAN

Res. J. Recent Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 74-78, July,2 (2013)


Introducing Obayd Zni and the tract of Definitions, the paper attempts to make a lexicographic typology of the work. The tract, being an innovative parody of dictionaries of its time in Islamic world, depicts vices of sociopolitical life of Iran after Mongol invasion at the end of the 13th century. It is studied on the lexicographic base, classifying it as a quasi-dictionary, analyzing its lexicographic features such as headwords, internal structure, synonyms, and definition formulae. The paper terminates with a discussion of the appended sections, identifying the author of The Definitions of Mull Do Piyzeh as Mull Do Piyzeh of Delhi, a court wit of Akbar (1556-1605) the Mongol emperor of India. The authors of less important appendices are still unknown. While there are many extracts from Zni’s Definitions throughout the paper showing its significance, excerpts from Mull Do Piyzeh’s definitions seemed necessary to include.


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