International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Preliminary investigation on the Extraction of Heavy metals from produced water using Moringa oleifera Leaves and Seeds as Adsorbents

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA
  • 2Rivers State Ministry of Environment, Podium Block, Secretariat Complex, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA
  • 3Rivers State Ministry of Environment, Podium Block, Secretariat Complex, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 7-11, January,18 (2015)


The preliminary investigation on the extraction of heavy metals from produced water using M. oleferia leaves and seeds as adsorbents was carried out with a view of sourcing for local or natural absorbents that can be used to treat waste water. The mode of extraction applied was the batch extraction method using dried ground leaves and seeds of the plant that spans through 3, 6 and 9 hours at the end of which the filtrate were analysed for Na, Fe, Zn, Mg, K and Ca using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The study has shown the effectiveness of the extraction of Na, Fe and Zn by the seeds and leaves of the plant due to the high positive extraction efficiency of these metals. The negative extraction efficiencies of Mg, K and Ca recorded in this study indicates that the leaves and seeds of the plant are not effective in the extraction of these metals. However, there is need to carry out more investigation under controlled laboratory conditions as the plant has potentials in extracting metals.


  1. Egbu A.U., Constraints to Effective Pollution Controland Management in Nigeria, The Environmentalist, 20,3-20 (2000)
  2. Howard I.C., Levels and Impacts of Selected Pollutantsin Aquatic Media in the Bukuma Oilfield, Rivers State.Ph.D Thesis: River State University of Science andTechnology Port Harcourt RIVERS State, 227, (2004)
  3. Guerra K., Dahm K. and Dundorf. S., Oil and GasProduced Water Management and Beneficial Use in theWestern United States U.S. Department of the InteriorBureau of Reclamation Denver Federal Center, DenverCO 80225-0007, (2011)
  4. Stephenson M.T., A survey of Produced Water Studies,in Produced water, J.P. Ray and F.R. Englehart (eds.),Plenum Press, New York, (1992)
  5. Fucik K.W., undefined, undefined
  6. Toxicity identification evaluation andcharacteristics of Produced Water Discharges fromColorado and Wyoming, undefined, undefined
  7. in Ray J.P and Engelhart F.R.,eds., Produced water, 187-198, New York, Plenum Press,(1992), undefined, undefined
  8. Tietge J.E., Hockett J.R. and Evans J.M., Major iontoxicity of six Produced waters to three Freshwaterspecies: application of ion toxicity models and ToxicityIdentification and Evaluation (TIE) Procedures, Environ.Toxicol. Chem., 16, 2002-2008 (1997)
  9. Boelter A.M., Lamming F.N., Farag A.M. and BergmanH.L., Environmental effects of saline Oilfield Dischargeson Surface Waters, Environ. Toxicol. Chem, 11, 11871195 (1992)
  10. OGP., Fate and effects of naturally occurring substancesin Produced Water on the Marine Environment, ReportNo. 364, (2005)
  11. Kawamura S., Effectiveness of natural polyelectrolysis inwater Treatment, JAWWA, 83(10), 88-91 (1991)
  12. Ganjidoust H., Tatsumi K., Yamagishi T. and GholianR.N., Effect of synthetic and natural coagulant on ligninremoval from pulp and paper waste water, Wat. Sci.Tech., 35, 286291 (1997)
  13. Gassenschmidt U., Jany K.D., Tanscher B. andNiebergall H., Isolation and characterization of aflocculating protein from Moringa oleifera lam., BioChem.Biophys. Acta., 143, 477481 (1995)
  14. Muyibi S.A. and Okufu C.A., Coagulation of lowturbidity surface Water with Moringa oleifera seeds, Int.J. Environ. Stud., 48, 263273 (1995)
  15. Muyibi S.A. and Evison I.M., Optimizing PhysicalParameters Affecting Coagulation of Turbid Water withMoringa Oleifera seeds, Wat. Resources., 29(12), 2689 2695 (1995)
  16. Ndabigengesere A, Narasiah KS, Talbot BG., Activeagents and mechanism of coagulation of turbid watersusing Moringa oleifera., Water Res., 29(2), 703-10(1995)
  17. Muyibi S.A. and Evison I.M., Coagulation of turbidwater and softening of hard water with Moringa oleiferaseeds, Int. J. Environ. Stud., 56, 483495 (1996)
  18. Muyibi S.A., Moringa oleifera seeds extract in watertreatment, Institution of Engineers, Malaysia, 59(3), 37-49 (1997)
  19. Akhtar M. Hasany S.M., Bhanger M.I. and Igbal S., Absorption potential of moringa oleifera pods for theremoval of organic pollutants from aqueous solutions, Journal of Hazardous Materials., In print (2006)
  20. Sharma P., Kumari P., Srivastava M.M. and SrivastavaS., Ternary biosorption studies of Cd(II), Cr(III) andNi(II) on shelled Moringa olerifera seeds, BioresourceTechnology., In Print (2006)
  21. Adams T.G., Atchison G.T. and Velter. R.T., The impactof an industrially contaminated lake on heavy metallevels in its effluent stream, Hydrobiologia, 69(1-2), 187-193 (1980)
  22. Howard I.C. and Briggs A.O., Metal Pollution Indices ofSurface Sediment and Water from the Upper Reaches ofSombriero River, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Our Nature, 10,206-216 (2012)
  23. Wahua T.A.T., Applied statistics for scientific studies, Afrika-Link Books. Aba, Nigeria, 129-249, (1999)
  24. Pakade V, Cukrowska E and Chimuka L., Metal andflavonol contents of Moringa oleifera grown in SouthAfrica, S Afr J Sci., 109(3/4), 7 pages., (2013)
  25. Ogbe A.O. and John P. Affiku., Proximate study, mineraland anti-nutrient composition of Moringa oleifera leavesharvested from Lafia, Nigeria : Potential benefits inpoultry nutrition and health, Journal of Microbiology,Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 12-1(3), 296-308(2011)
  26. Mutayoba S.K, Dierenfeld E, Mercedes V.A, Frances Y.and Knight C.D., Determination of chemical compositionand anti-nutritive components of Moringa olefera forTanzanian locally available poultry feed ingredients, International Journal of Poultry Science, 10(5), 350-357(2011)
  27. Jahn S.A.A, Musnad H.A. and Burgstaller H., The treethat purifies water, Cultivating multipurposeMoringaceae in the Sudan, Unasylva., 38(152), 23-8(1986)
  28. Ghebremichael KA, Gunaratna KR, Henriksson H,Brumer H and Dalhammar G., Simple purification andactivity assay of the coagulant protein from Moringaoleifera seed, Water Res., 39(11), 2338-44 (2005)
  29. Okuda T, Baes AU, Nishijima W and Okada M., Improvement of extraction method of coagulation activecomponents from Moringa oleifera seeds, Water Res.,33(15), 3373-8 (1999)