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Effect of Ripe Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) Peel based Diet on some Enzymes of the Liver, Heart and Kidney of Albino Rats

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina state, NIGERIA
  • 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, NIGERIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 1-4, March,18 (2014)


To study the liver, heart and kidney functions of rats fed ripe plantain peel supplemented diet, the activities of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransaminase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) were determined. In this study, twelve (12) weanling albino rats, of 28 days old with mean weights of 37-38g were randomly assigned into two (2) dietary treatment groups of 6 animals each which were equalized for body weight. One diet (the control) had 0% inclusion level of plantain peel while the other diet (the test diet) had 50% inclusion level of plantain peel. On the forty- second day from the commencement of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed, and the serum and organs taken from them were subjected to enzyme assay. Compared to the control, the result obtained showed that there was no significant (p<0.05) difference in the levels of these enzymes in the serum and studied tissues of rats fed ripe plantain peel as animal feed supplement. Consequent upon that, we assert that the use of ripe plantain peel as animal feed supplement is safe and should be promoted to make the cost of animal production cheaper.


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