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Superconductivity in Organic Materials: A Fascinating Phenomenon

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Rae Bareilly Road, Lucknow-226025, INDIA
  • 2Department of Environmental Microbiology, Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Rae Bareilly Road, Lucknow-226025, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 2, Issue (11), Pages 67-70, November,18 (2012)


The organic superconductivity is a very interesting phenomenon. The highly anisotropy and other intriguing properties of organic superconductor (OSC) made them distinct from other superconductors. Due to hybridization, it does not leave any unfilled spots in the conduction and valence bands of organic molecules, as a result of which they normally act as insulator and do not exhibit the property of metals. Recent studies suggest that certain organic substances might be able to display metallic characteristics. It was realized that conduction and valence bands in organic molecules can be made partially filled if planar organic molecules are combined with anions that are nonorganic. In such type of compound organic molecule behave as electron donor and nonorganic molecule serve as electron acceptor. So, there is the formation of charge transfer complex with metal like characteristics. Recently, a number of hole doped fullerenes synthesized which shows superconductivity upto higher critical temperature i.e., 117K. So, replacement of non organic superconductors by these organic one may lead to various advantages accompanied with stability and durability. Further research in this area may lead to higher and higher Tc OSC. The present article reveals the phenomenon of organic superconductivity with its background, classes and applications.


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