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Optimization indigo carmine removal by biosorption materials from agriculture waste

Author Affiliations

  • 1Constitution and Reaction of Matter Laboratory (LCRM) at UFR-SSMT University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY (UFHB) of Cocody -Côte d'Ivoire, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22
  • 2The Thermodynamics and Environmental Physico-Chemistry Laboratory, University NanguiAbrogoua (UNA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire and Laboratory of Industrial Processes of Synthesis, Environment and New Energies Laboratory (LAPISEN) Félix HOUPHOUËT BOIGNY de Yamoussoukro, BP 1093 Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
  • 3Constitution and Reaction of Matter Laboratory (LCRM) at UFR-SSMT University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY (UFHB) of Cocody -Côte d'Ivoire, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22
  • 4Constitution and Reaction of Matter Laboratory (LCRM) at UFR-SSMT University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY (UFHB) of Cocody -Côte d'Ivoire, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22
  • 5Laboratory of Industrial Processes of Synthesis, Environment and New Energies Laboratory (LAPISEN) Félix HOUPHOUËT BOIGNY de Yamoussoukro, BP 1093 Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
  • 6Constitution and Reaction of Matter Laboratory (LCRM) at UFR-SSMT University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY (UFHB) of Cocody -Côte d'Ivoire, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22
  • 7National Institute of Scientific Research (INRS Water, Earth and Environment), Université du Québec, 490 rue de la Couronne, Québec City, Canada

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 12, Issue (2), Pages 62-72, June,18 (2022)


The optimization of indigo carmine removal on biosorbents by Hadamard and full factorial design designs was the subject of this study. The biosorbents used were prepared from cassava tuber peels and ripe banana peels, considered as agricultural waste in Côte d´Ivoire. The effect of six parameters (pH of the solution, mass of the biosorbent "banana peel or cassava peel", granulometry, concentration of the solution, stirring time and stirring speed) was studied to establish the optimal conditions for the removal of the indigo carmine dye. A Hadamard design established as a first approach, showed that only three parameters, namely: the mass of the biosorbent (cassava peel), the concentration of the solution and the stirring speed, had an influence on the response. The results of the second design, the full factorial design, showed that the removal rate of the indigo carmine increased with increasing mass of the biosorbent. The maximum removal rate obtained was 96.80% when 5.00mg/L of indigo carmine solution was contacted with 1.20g of the biosorbent obtained from cassava peel, 2.00mm particle size, at a stirring speed of 250rpm for 60 minutes.


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