International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Electronic Waste: A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 1Research Scholar, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, INDIA
  • 2 Senior Scientist, Flexible Pavement Division, Central Road Research, New-Delhi, INDIA
  • 3 Principal, Guru Nanak Khalsa College, Yamunanagar, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (9), Pages 49-56, December,18 (2011)


WEEE (waste from electrical and electronic equipments) comes under a special category of waste which is the result of industrialization and ever increasing demand of electronic products in daily life. With increasing usage waste production is also increasing. Now, the situation is alarming as a huge quantity of waste is generated by India as well as other countries. The condition in India is much worse because about 80 percent of the e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan under the name of charity. Only 3% of total WEEE-waste generated is recycled properly in India. The rest of it is handled by workers who work with bare hands, without masks under unhygienic conditions, informally recycling tons of e-waste for about 12-14 hours a day. It causes both environmental as well as health problems. No. of laws are framed but none is able to stop this informal recycling. In this paper, national and international e-waste scenario is discussed along with hazards caused by e-waste and bit about its recycling.


  1. DIT. Environmental management for Information Technology industry in India, Department of Information Technology, Government of India, 122-124 (2003)
  2. Radha G. A Study of the Performance of the Indian IT Sector’ at (2002)
  3. Violet N. Pinto. E-waste hazard: The impending challenge, Indian J Occup Environ Med.,12(2), 65–70 Aug (2008)
  4. Sinha Satish. Sustainable E-waste Management.,Toxic link 3-Mar,(2010)Retrieved from:
  5. Dwivedy M., Mittal R.K., Future trends in computer waste generation in India, Waste Management, (30),2265-2277 (2010)
  6. Singh S.K., The diffusion of mobile phones in India, Telecommunications Policy, 32, 642-651(2008)
  7. Kumar Ranapati and Tripathi Saumya, “Electronics-Hi_Tech-Highly Toxic” India, Green Peace (2007)
  8. EMPA St.Gallen, Technical Control Body for SWICO and SENS (2004)
  9. ZVEI-Deutscher Zentralverband Elektrotechnik und Elektroindustrie, i.e. German electrical and electronic manufacturers' association
  10. UK Status Report on Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment Industry Council for Electronic Equipment Recycling (ICER), (2000)
  11. Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2000 Facts and Figures. US EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, 150-160 June (2002)
  12. Resource Recycling Fund Management Committee, Environment Protection Administration, Taiwan , ROC.
  13. Govt. moves to stem tide of 'e-waste'
  14. Waste 21: Waste management plan, Denmark 1998-2004
  15. Fact Sheet Proposed End-of-Life Information Technology Equipment and Consumer Electronics (e-waste) Recycling Program, Saskatchewan Environment, Environmental Protection Branch, Canada
  16. e-waste& Green Broadband, Retrieved from:,19 Nov, (2007)
  17. World Bank, World Development Indicators Database; Retrieved from: Statistics, (2004)
  18. Bandyopadhyay Amitava., A regulatory approach for e-waste management: a cross-national review of current practice and policy with an assessment and policy recommendation for the Indian perspective Int. J. Environment and Waste Management, 2), 1/2, (2008)
  19. Urban hazard: Mumbai choking on e-waste. [Last updated on 2007 Feb 24]. Retrieved from:
  20. Report on Assessment of Electronic Wastes in Mumbai Area Retrieved from:
  21. Violet N. Pinto,E-waste hazard: The impending challenge, Indian journal of occupational and environmental medicine,12(2), 65-70 Aug (2008)
  22. Dwivedy M., Mittal R.K., Estimation of future outflows of e-waste in India, Waste Management, 30, 483-491(2010)
  23. Report On Inventorization of E-Waste In Two Cities In Andhra Pradesh And Karnataka (Hyderabad And Bangalore)Prepared by World Health Organization, (WHO), India Country Office, New Delhi
  24. Annual report, MAIT (2003)
  25. Toxics Link report: Scrapping the Hi-tech Myth: Computer Waste in India, Retrieved from:, Feb. (2003)
  26. Toxics Link. E-Waste in Chennai Time is running out, Retrieved (2004)
  27. Vinutha V. The e-waste problem Retrieved from: Pandve H.T. E-waste management in India: An emerging environmental and health issue. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 11:116. Retrieved from: (2007)
  28. Pandve H.T. E-waste management in India: An emerging environmental and health issue. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 11:116. Retrieved from: 461 (2007)
  29. Stuart Julie Ann and Christina ViVi.” New Metrics and scheduling Rules for disassembly and bulk recycling” IEEE Transactions on electronics pacing manufacturing 26 (2) (2003)
  30. William Eric, United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan “Proceedings of the third workshop on Material cycles and waste management in Asia, National institute of environmental studies, Tsukuba, Japan (2005)
  31. Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of Electronic WasteRetrieved from:, March 12, (2008)
  32. “An introduction to Brominated flame retardants.” Bromine science and environmental forum, Belgium,,
  33. Transboundary shipment of EWaste Regulations, systems, stakeholders and solutions http://WWW:
  34. Shen H. Forssberg e, Pugh R.J. Selective floatation separation of plastics by particle control. Resource conserve recycling, 33, 37-50 (2001)
  35. Pappa G., Boukouvalas C., Giannaris C., Ntaras N., Zografos V., Magoulas K et al. The selective dissolution, precipitation technique for polymer recycling a pilot unit application. Resource conserve recycling34, 33-44(2001)
  36. Puckett J., Smith T., Exporting harm: the high-tech trashing of Asia , The Basel Action Network, Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, San Jose, Seattle (2002)
  37. SVTC, Take it back! Make it Clean! Make it Green! Computer Take-back Campaign.Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (SVTC), Retrieved from:, (2002)
  38. Cornelia Vasile., Feed stock recyclic from pplastic and thermoset fractions of used computers (1) pyrolysis.J Mater.cycles. waste manage 8, 99-108(2006)