International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Biodiesel production from Jatropha oil and its characterization

Author Affiliations

  • 1 School of Mechanical Sciences, Karunya University, Coimbatore, INDIA

Res.J.chem.sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 81-87, April,18 (2011)


Biodiesel, a promising substitute as an alternative fuel has gained significant attention due to the predicted shortness of conventional fuels and environmental concern. The utilization of liquid fuels such as biodiesel produced from Jatropha oil by transesterification process represents one of the most promising options for the use of conventional fossil fuels. The Jatropha oil is converted into jatropha oil methyl ester known as biodiesel prepared in the presence of homogeneous acid catalyst. The physical properties such as density, flash point, Kinematic viscosity, Cloud point and Pour point were found out for Jatropha oil and Jatropha methyl ester. The same characteristics study was also carried out for the diesel fuel for obtaining the base line data for analysis. The values obtained from the Jatropha methyl ester is closely matched with the values of conventional diesel and can be used in the existing diesel engine without any modification.


  1. Gubitz G.M. et al edition, Biofuels and Industrial products from jatropha curcas, proceedings from a symposium held in Mamagua, Nicaragua, Technical University of Graz, Uhlandgasse, Austria (1997)
  2. Henning R., The Jatropha project in Mali, Rothkreuz 11, D-88138, weissens-berg, Germany (1997)
  3. Maauwa B., Economic feasibility study plant oil fuel project, 6 msasa Avenue, Norton, Zimbabwe (1995)
  4. Zimbabwe Biomass News Plant oil Zimbabwe sustainable fuel for the future, BUN-Zimbabwe, P/Bas 7768, Causeway, Zimbabwe 1(2),(1996)
  5. Heller J., Physic nut, Jatropha carcass promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), Rome, Italy, (1996)
  6. Barn Wall B.K. and Shama M.P., Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Vegetable oils in India, I, , 363-378, (2005)
  7. Morrison R.T., Boyd R.N., Organic Chemistry, 6th edition, 771-778 (2002)
  8. Igwe I.O., The effect of temperature on the viscosity of vegetable oils in solution, Industrial crops and products, 19, 189-190, (2004)
  9. Hass M.J., Scott K.M., Marmer W.N. and Foliga T.A., In situ alkaline transesterification; an effective method for the production of fatty acid esters from vegetable oils, J. A.M. oil chem., SOC 81, 81-89 (2004)
  10. Lim D.G., Soares V.C.D., Ribeiro E.B., Carvalho D.A., Cardoss E.C.V., Rassi F.C., Mundim K.C., Rubin J.C., and Suarez P.A.Z., Diesel-like fuel obtained by Pyrolysis of Vegetable oil, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 71, 987-998 (2004)
  11. Altin R., Cetinkaya S. and yucesu H.S., The Potential of using Vegetable oil fuels as fuel in Diesel engines, Energy Conservation an Management, 42, 529-538 (2001)
  12. Demiras A., A Direct Route to the calculation of the Heating values of liquid fuels by using their density and viscosity measurement, Energy Conservation and Management, 41, 1609-1614 (2000)
  13. Ramadhas A.S., Jayaraj S. and Muraleedharan, C., Use of Vegetable in I.C. Engines- Review, Renewable energy,29, 727-742, (2004)
  14. Demirbas, A., Fuel properties and calculation of higher heating values of vegetable oils, Fuel,77 (9/10), 1117-1120 (1998)