International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Minor Tooth Movement to Malocclusion: Case Series

Author Affiliations

  • 1Orthodontic Unit, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains, Malaysia

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 4, Issue (6), Pages 7-10, June,28 (2016)


Melancholy with dento-facial appearance is the main reason for seeking orthodontic treatment. Growth modification is difficult to achieve in skeletally mature patients thus it is very common challenge for the orthodontics to treat such subject without camouflage therapy. In skeletally mature subjects the treatment only depends on tooth movement, the desired results can be achieved alone or along with surgical interventions. This article describes orthodontic treatment of a 16 years, 17 years and 23 years old Malaysian female whose main complaint were unpleasant smile. The treatment was satisfactorily finished by fixed orthodontic appliance. The satisfactory occlusion with ideal overjet and pleasant smile for all subject were achieved. Therefore with the orthodontics intervention via fixed appliances in subject having mild crowding can be successfully managed.


  1. Suma G. and Das U.M. (2010)., Crowding, spacing and closed dentition and its relationship with malocclusion in primary dentition., Int J Clin Dent Sci., 1(1).
  2. Goyal S. and Goyal S. (2012)., Pattern of dental malocclusion in orthodontic patients in Rwanda: A retrospective hospital based study., Rwanda Med J., 69(4), 13-18.
  3. Alam M.K. (2009)., Orthodontic treatment of mandibular anterior crowding., Ban J Med Sci., 8,1-2
  4. Hoot N.R. and Aronsky D. (2008)., Systematic review of emergency department crowding: Causes, effects and solutions., Ann Emerg Med., 52(2), 126-36.
  5. Sharma R., Kumar S. and Singla A. (2011)., Prevalence of tooth size discrepancy among North Indian orthodontic patients., Contemp Clin Dent., 2(3), 170–5.
  6. Puri N., Pradhan K.L. and Chandna A. et al. (2007)., Biometric study of tooth size in normal, crowded, and spaced permanent dentitions., Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., 132(3), 279, e7-14.
  7. Bittencourt M.A.V., Farias A.C.R. and Barbosa M.D.C. (2012)., Conservative treatment of a Class I malocclusion with 12 mm overjet, overbite and severe mandibular crowding., Dental Press J Orthod., 17(5), 43-52.
  8. Scott C.R. and Jrrnigan C. (2006)., Soft tissue changes after upper premolar extraction in Class II camouflage therapy., Angle Orthod., 76(1), 59-65.
  9. Alam M.K. (2014)., Dentofacial changes in Class II division 1., Ban J Med Sci., 13(3), 350-352.
  10. Kerosuo H., Väkiparta M., Nyström M., et al. (2008)., The seven-year outcome of an early orthodontic treatment strategy., J Dent Res., 87(6), 584-588.
  11. Moshkelgosha V., Khosravifard N. and Golkari A. (2014)., Tooth eruption sequence and dental crowding: a case-control study., F1000Res., 6(3),122.
  12. Bernabe´ E. and Flores-Mir C. (2006)., Dental Morphology and Crowding: A Multivariate Approach., Angle Orthod., 76(1), 20-5.
  13. Mihalik C.A., Proffit W.R. and Phillips C. (2003)., Long term follow-ups of Class II adults treated with orthodontic camouflage; a comparison with orthognathic surgery outcome., Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop., 123(3), 266-78.
  14. Bhalajhi S.I. and BS Iyyer (2012)., Orthodontics the art and science., ISBN: 81-86809-53-8, fifth edition.
  15. Pandis N., Polychronopoulou A., Makou M. and Eliades T. (2010)., Mandibular dental arch changes associated with treatment of crowding using self-ligating and conventional brackets., Eur J Orthod., 32(3), 248-53.
  16. Filho H.L., Maia L.H., Lau T.C., de Souza M.M. and Maia L.C. (2014)., Early vs late orthodontic treatment of tooth crowding by first premolar extraction: A systematic review., Angle Orthod., PMID: 25208231.