International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Knowledge of Causes and Complications of Malaria, among Residents of a Rural Community in Enugu State, Southeast Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Park Lane, Enugu, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Park Lane, Enugu, Nigeria
  • 3Department of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Park Lane, Enugu, Nigeria

Int. Res. J. Medical Sci., Volume 4, Issue (11), Pages 1-5, November,28 (2016)


Malaria disease is widespread in occurrence, killing about 482,000 under-five children globally and with approximately 3.4 billion people at risk. Malaria accounts for about 60% outpatient attendance in health facilities, 30% childhood mortality, and 11% maternal mortality in Nigeria, and the prevalence is more in the rural areas. Misconceptions and myths still exist about the causes and complications of malaria. This observational, cross-sectional study in which 296 respondents participated, was conducted during a medical outreach programme organized in a rural community. Over 50% of the respondents are sixty years and above, with most of them being females (70.3%), and less than half of the respondents (47.0%) having formal education. More than half of the respondents (59.1%) knew that mosquito bite is the cause of malaria, but very large numbers also believe that malaria could be caused by rat bite, excessive oil or ground nut consumption, and working under the sun. The overall knowledge of respondents on causes of malaria was found to be 33.3%. Less than half of the respondents (41.6%) knew that the complications of malaria are commoner among children and pregnant women. Most of them also did not know that malaria can lead to abortion, anaemia, and convulsion in children. Total knowledge on malaria complications was 40.4%. More malaria awareness creation activities targeted at the rural communities in Enugu state by governments and non-governmental organizations shall greatly impact positively on the malaria control/elimination activities in the state.


  1. Park K. (2007)., Parks Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine., 22nd Edition, M/S Banarsidas Bhanot, Jabalpur, India
  2. Lucas A.O. and Gilles H.M. (2003)., Short Textbook of Public Health Medicine for the Tropics., International Students Edition, 4th Edition, UK, ARNOLD,
  3. World Health Organization (2014)., World Malaria Report 2014., WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
  4. World Health Organization (2013)., fact Sheets on the World Malaria Report.,
  5. World Health Organization (2013)., 10 Facts About Malaria.,
  6. United States Embassy in Nigeria (2011)., Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheets, USA Embassy in Nigeria Economic Section, Abuja, Nigeria.,
  7. Federal Ministry of Health (2005)., Annual Report on National Malaria Control Programme in Nigeria., FMOH, Abuja,
  8. World Health Organization (2003)., Africa Malaria Report 2003., WHO, Geneva, Switzerland,
  9. Deresa W., Ali A. and Berhane Y. (2006)., Review of the interplay between population dynamics and malaria transmission in Ethiopia., Ethiop J Health Dev, 20(30), 137 - 144
  10. Okeke T., Uzochukwu B.S.C. and Okafor H.U. (2006)., An indept study of Patent Medicine Sellers, Mal J., 5, 10.1186/1475 - 2875 - 5 -97,
  11. Ahorlu C.K., Koram K.W., Ahorlu C., de - Savigny D. and Weiss M.G. (2005)., Community Concepts of Malaria - related illnesses with and without convulsions in southern Ghana., Mal J, 4:47, 10.1186/1475-2875-4-47
  12. Abate A., Degarege A. and Erko B. (2013),, Community Knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in a low endemic setting of Shewa Robit Town, northwestern Ethiopia., BMC Pub Health, 13:312
  13. Arinze-Onyia S.U., Ugwuoke U., Aguwa E.N., Modebe I., Nwobodo E. and Ilika A. (2014)., Myths and Facts on Malaria: A pilot study of Community Oriented Resource Persons in rural communities in Anambra, Southeast Nigeria., Int, Res J Med and Med Sc, 2(4), 91 - 97
  14. Batega D.W. (2004)., Knowledge Attitudes and Practices about malaria treatment and prevention in Uganda: A literature., Final Report, Uganda Ministry of Health, Kampala
  15. Neghina R., Neghina A.M., Marincu I., Iacobiciu I., (2010)., Malaria, a journey in time: in search of the lost myths and forgotten stories., Am J Med Sc, 340(6):492 - 498
  16. Olise P. (2011)., Primary health Care for Sustainable Development., Ozege Publications, Abuja
  17. Montgomery C.M., Mwengee W., Kongongo M. and Pool R. (2006)., To help them is to Educate them: Power and Pedagogy in the prevention and treatment of malaria in Tanzania., Trop. Med Int. Health, 11, 1661-1669
  18. Deressa W., Ali A. and Enquoselassie F. (2003)., Knowledge Attitude and Practice about malaria, the mosquito and antimalaria drugs in a rural community., Ethiop. J. Health Dev, 17, 99-104
  19. Rodriguez A.D., Penilla R.P., Henry-Rodriguez M., Hemingway J., Francisco B.A. and Hernandez-Avilla J.E. (2003)., Knowledge and Beliefs about malaria transmission and practices for vector control in southern Mexico., Salud Pulica Mex, 45, 110-116.
  20. Enugu State Government (2016)., Enugu State Government Diary 2016., Enugu State Government, Nigeria
  21. National Population Commission of Nigeria (2008)., Data for National Development.,
  22. Chirebvu E., Chimbari M.J. and Ngwenya B.N. (2013)., Knowledge and Practices on malaria in Tubu village, in a malaria-endemic area in northern Botswana: Implications for interventions., Mal World J, 4(15)
  23. Sigh R., Musa J., Sigh S. and Ukata V.E. (2014)., Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on malaria among rural communities in Aliero, Northern Nigeria., J Fam. Med Prim. Care, 3(1), 39-44.
  24. Olayemi I.K., Omalu I.C.J., Abolarinwa S.O., Mustapha O.M., Ayanwale V.A., Mohammed A.Z., Bello I. M. and Chukwuemeka V.I. (2012)., Knowledge of Malaria and Implications for Control in an endemic urban area of Northcentral Nigeria., Asian J Epid, 5(2), 42-49
  25. Mazigo D.H., Obasy E., Mauka W., Manyiri P., Zinga M., Kweka E. J., Mnyone L. L. and Heukelbach J., (2010)., Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices about malaria and its control in rural northwest Tanzania., Mal Res and Treat,
  26. World Health Organization (2012)., A practical Handbook on Management Of Severe Malaria., 3rd Edition, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
  27. Nuwaha F. (2002)., People, Trop. Med and Int. Health, 7(5):462 - 470,
  28. Kumbani L.C. and Mclnerney P. (2006)., Primigravidae, 29(3): 41- 49,
  29. Mpanga V., Maluwa A., Kafalafula U., Pindani M. and Bultemeier K. (2014)., Comprehension of Risk Factors during Pregnancy among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Malawi., Open J Nursing, 4: 896 - 905,