International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Surface Hardening of St41 Low Carbon Steel by Using the Boronizing Powder and Pressured-heating Technique

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Physics, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, Jl. Juanda 95,Ciputat, Tangerang, Banten, INDONESIA
  • 2 Research Center of Material Science, Department of Physics, University of IndonesiaJl. Salemba No.4 Jakarta, INDONESIA

Res. J. Material Sci., Volume 1, Issue (10), Pages 1-5, November,16 (2013)


The powder-pack boriding process by using pressured-heating technique was applied on the surface of St41 steel to produce the boride layer. The pressured-heating technique can reduce the operational cost of the boriding process if compared by the conventional technique. The concept of pressured-heating technique was verified in a laboratory scale. Well defined pressured-heating technique was achieved by using the stainless steel 304 as the container and sealed with a 10 kN pressure. This container was filled by boronizing powder consisting of 5%BC, 90%SiC, and 5%KBF to close the St41 steel specimen inside the container. The container was treated at the temperature of 900C with the treated time of 2, 4, 6, and, 8 hours. A single phase occurs on the substrate was found as FeB layer with the hardness about 1750 HV. This value was more than ten times if compared with the untreated specimen that only was about 123 HV. Depend on heat treatment temperature, heat treatment time, and powder-pack boriding pressure, the depth of boride layer range from 126 to 186 m.


  1. Bintang Adjiantoro, Toni B Romiyarso, Karakterisas Material Baja Karbon Rendah Hasil Proses Boronisasi Padat, Jurnal Metalurgi,20(1), 311 (2005)
  2. Suwattananont N., Roumiana S. Petrova, James L Zunino and Daniel P. Schmidt, Surface Treatment with Boron for Corrosion Protection, Tri-Service Corrosion Conference, Institute of Technology, Newark, 1-11, (2005)
  3. Sunanda1, Tiwari D.P., Sharma D.N. and Raunija Thakur Sudesh Kumar,Sapindus Based Activated Carbon by Chemical Activation, Research Journal of Material Sciences, 1(7), 9-15, (2013)
  4. Sinha Anil Kumar, Boriding of Steel, Bohn Piston Division, 32-37 (2005)
  5. Sugondo, Ratih Langenati, Futichah, Mujtahid, Pelapisan Nosel Roket dengan Boron Karbida, J. Teknologi Bahan Nuklir, 6(1), 50-68 (2010)
  6. Prathibha B.S, Kotteeswaran P. and Bheema Raju V., Study on the Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion by Quaternary Ammonium Compound in H2SO4 Medium, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 2(4), 1-10, (2013)
  7. J.Setiawan, Analisis Lapisan Besi Borida pada ST37 dan S45C yang Diboronisasi dengan Teknik Powder Pack, Thesis, Universitas Indonesia, (2010)
  8. Roumiana S.P., Suwattananont N., Samardzic V., The Effect of Boronizing on Metallic Alloys for Automotive Applications, Journal Material Engineering and Performance, 17(3), 340-345 (2008)
  9. Sugondo, Ratih Langenati, Widjaksana, Basuki Agung Pujanto, Pelapisan Baja Tipe ST-37 dengan Nano Powder Pack Boron Karbida, Jurnal Tek. Bahan Nuklir, 2(2), 90-102 (2006)
  10. Martini C. and Palombarini G., Mechanism of Thermochemical Growth of Iron Borides on Iron, Journal of Material Science, (39), 933-937 (2004)
  11. Dybkov V.I., Lengauer W and Gas P., Formation of Boride Layers at the Fe 25% Alloy Boron Interface, Journal of Material Science(41), 4948-4960 (2006)
  12. Vemula Madhavi, Ambavaram Vijay Bhaskar Reddy, Kalluru Gangadhara Reddy, Gajulapalle Madhavi and Tollamadugu NagaVenkata Krishna Vara Prasad,An Overview on Research Trends in Remediation of Chromium, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,2(1), 71-83, (2013)
  13. Sharifirad M., Koohyar F., Rahmanpour S.H. and Vahidifar M.,Preparation of Activated Carbon from Phragmites Australis: Equilibrium Behaviour Study, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(8), 10-16, (2012)
  14. Rodrigues L.L.R, Kantharaj A.N., Kantharaj B., Freitas W.R.C. and Murthy B.R.N., Effect of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness and Cutting Force in Turning Mild Steel, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(10), 19-26 (2012)
  15. Mandavia H.C., Murthy K.V.R., Purohit R.U. and Sayani A.N. Thermoluminescence Study of Based Materials of Ceramic Tiles, Research Journal of Material Sciences,1(8), 1-7 (2013)
  16. Prabhulkar S.G. and Patil R.M., Synthesis, Characterization and Catalytic Properties of Nickel Substituted Copper Ferrospinel nanoparticles, Research Journal of Material Sciences, 1(4), 18-21 (2013)
  17. Parmar Kusum, Sharma Anshu, Bala Kanchan and Negi N.S., Structural, Dielectric and Magnetic Study of0.7(Pb0.85La0.15TiO3)/0.3(Ni0.4Zn0.6Fe2O4) Composite, Research Journal of Material Sciences,1(3), 7-11 (2013)
  18. Dadrasi Ali, An Investigation on Crashworthiness Design of Aluminium Columns with Damage Criteria, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 1(7), 19-24 (2012)
  19. Rajaram K., Savarimuthu E. and Arumugam S., Structural, Surface Morphological and Electrial Properties of Spray Pyrolysis made Cu/Cu2O Composite films for different Molar Concentration, Research Journal of Material Sciences, 1(2), 15-19 (201)
  20. Ozdemir O., Usta M., Bindal C. and Ucisik A.H., Hard Iron Boride (FeB) on 99.97 wt% pure iron, Vacuum, (80), 1391-1395 (2006)
  21. Gopalakrishnan, Shankar P., Palaniappa M. and Ramakrishnan S.S., Interrupted Boriding of Medium-Carbon Steels, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions , (33A), 1475-1485 (2002)
  22. Campos I., Ramirez G., Figueroa U., Martinez J. and Morales O., Evaluation of boron mobility on the phases FeB, Fe2B and diffusion zone in AISI 1045 and M2 steel, Applied Surface Science,(253), 3469 3475,(2007)