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Aquatic Diversity with Reference to Phytoplankton, Zooplankton and Benthos in Lake Vembanad, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Terra Nero Enterprises, S-3, 108, Vedant Commercial Complex, Vartak Nagar, Thane (W), 400606, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • 2Terra Nero Enterprises, S-3, 108, Vedant Commercial Complex, Vartak Nagar, Thane (W), 400606, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • 3Eco-Echo, D/85, Meghwadi, Lalbaug, Dr. S. S Rao Road, Mumbai, 400012, Maharashtra, India

Res. J. Marine Sci., Volume 4, Issue (3), Pages 1-10, March,13 (2016)


For healthy and productive fisheries, it is essential that the lower portion of the food web comprising of plankton and benthic organisms are monitored, analyzed and maintained. The Vembanad estuary is also a part of the Vembanad - Kole Ramsar site. Also, Lake Vembanad is an Important Bird Area. It is a fishery of immense local significance as well. The data regarding Phytoplankon, Zooplankton and Benthos (PZB) from the Kottayam region of Lake Vembanad are relatively scarce. Studies were carried out in the pre-monsoon months of May-June. Total 13 locations were selected for PZB studies near the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary. 40 species of phytoplankton, 8 groups of benthos and 16 groups of zooplankton were observed. The sampling station closest to the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary was found to have highest species richness.


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