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On the current status of biodiversity in Ghodahada reservoir, Ganjam district, Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University,Bhanja Bihar, Berhampur, 760007, Odisha, INDIA
  • 2Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University,Bhanja Bihar, Berhampur, 760007, Odisha, INDIA
  • 3Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University,Bhanja Bihar, Berhampur, 760007, Odisha, INDIA
  • 4Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University,Bhanja Bihar, Berhampur, 760007, Odisha, INDIA

Res. J. Marine Sci., Volume 3, Issue (1), Pages 1-8, March,3 (2015)


The study was carried out for a period of one year from February 2013 to January 2014. The Ghodahada reservoirs harbor many diversified fauna and flora. During the study period; 10 species of aquatic weeds, 2 species of prawns, 4 species of gastropods, 4 species of bivalvia, 29 species of Pisces, 2 species of amphibians, 3 species of reptiles and 2 species of aves were observed. Out of 3 species of reptile, two were from Viperidae group and one was from Crocodilia. Presence of crocodile is most attractive feature of the reservoir. Periodically water quality parameters such as temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and biological oxygen demand were analyzed. The water temperature was in a range of 24.20C to 32.9 0C (29.49 ± 2.42), pH varied from 6.74 to 7.39 (7.06 ± 0.19), dissolved oxygen ranged from 3.88 to 5.32 mg/l (4.61 ± 0.43) and biological oxygen demand was observed to be 2.09 to 3.73 mg/l (2.73 ± 0.41) during the year, 2013. The physico -chemical parameters of the reservoir were within WHO limits. The result indicated that the water quality of Ghodahada reservoir is quite suitable for growing vegetative as well as faunal community and carrying high ecological status.


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