International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Brachycnemic Zooxanthellate Zoanthids (Cnidaria: Zoantharia) of Saurashtra Coast: A Preliminary Survey

Author Affiliations

  • 1Division of Marine Biology, Dept. of Zoology, Faculty of Science, The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, INDIA
  • 2Division of Marine Biology, Dept. of Zoology, Faculty of Science, The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, INDIA

Res. J. Marine Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 10-13, April,11 (2013)


A survey for zoanthids was carried out along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat. However, their identification is not documented critically and only till generic level has been reported. Brachycnemic zoanthids are described by the 5th mesentery being incomplete. Here in this paper we present the species level identification based on authentic identification key7 . We have found variants in Zoanthus sansibaricus. Along with that, documentation of Zoanthus vietnamensis and 2 species of Palythoa i.e. Palythoa tuberculosa and Palythoa mutuki are described.


  1. Singh H.S., Marine protected areas in India, Indian journal of marine sciences, 32(3), 226-233 (2003)
  2. Raghunathan C., Sen Gupta R., Wangikar U. and Lakhmapurkar J.A., record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea, Current Science, 87(8), 1131-1138 (2004)
  3. Venkataraman K. and Wafar M.V.M., Coastal and marine biodiversity of India, Indian journal of marine sciences, 34(1), 57-75 (2005)
  4. Daly M., Fautin D.G. and Cappola V.S., Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 139, 419437 (2003)
  5. Haussermann V., Identification and taxonomy of softbodied hexacorals exemplified by Chilean sea anemones; including guidelines for sampling, preservation and examination, J. Mar. Biol. Ass., 84, 931-936 (2004)
  6. Burnett W.J., Benzie J.A.H., Beardmore J.A. and Ryland J.S., Zoanthids (Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) from the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia: systematics, evolution and a key to species, Coral Reefs 16(1), 55-68 (1997)
  7. Reimer J.D., Key to field identification of shallow water brachycnemic zoanthids (Order Zoantharia: Suborder Brachycnemina) present in Okinawa, Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies, 12(1), 23-29 (2010)
  8. Reimer J.D., Obuchi M., Irei Y., Fujii T. and Nozawa Y., Shallow-Water Brachycnemic Zoanthids (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia) from Taiwan: A Preliminary Survey, Zoological Studies, 50(3), 363-371 (2011)
  9. Veena S., Kaladharan P., Rohit P. and Rao G.S., The pycnogonid (Endeis mollis Carpenter, 1904) associated with hydroids from the inshore waters of Visakhapatnam, India, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 50(1), 17-22 (2008)
  10. Lakshmi V., Saxena A., Pandey K., Bajpai P. and MisraBhattacharya S., Antifilarial activity of Zoanthus species (Phylum Coelenterata, Class Anthzoa) against human lymphatic filaria, Brugia malayi, Parasitology research, 93(4), 268-273 (2004)
  11. Hornell J., Report to the Government of Baroda on the Marine Zoology of Okhamandal in Kattiawar, Williams and Norgate 2, (1916)
  12. Bhattji Nayruti S., Shah Dharmendra G., Desai Nikhil D., Mankodi Pradeep C., A new record of genus Palythoa, a Zoanthid from the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India: A great concern for Reef Ecosystem, Seshaiyana, 01, 18 (2010)
  13. Carlgren O., The Actinian Fauna of the Gulf of California, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 101, 415-449 (1951)
  14. Cooke W.J., Growth and some tolerances of Zoanthlls pacificus and Palythoa vestitlls in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, Pages 281-288 in G.O. Mackie, ed. Coelenterate ecology and behavior, Plenum Press, New York (1976)
  15. Sebens K.P., Intertidal distribution of zoanthids on the Caribbean coast of Panama: effects of predation and desiccation, Bulletin of Marine Science, 32(1), 316-335 (1982)
  16. Reimer J.D., Preliminary survey of zooxanthellate zoanthid diversity (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) from southern Shikoku, Japan, Kuroshio Biosphere, 3, 1-16 (2007)