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Total Quality Management and School-Based Management Practices of School Principals: Their Implications to School Leadership and Improvement

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laguna State Polytechnic University, Laguna, Philippines
  • 2Laguna State Polytechnic University, Laguna, Philippines

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 5, Issue (8), Pages 1-7, August,14 (2016)


Anchored on the Process Improvement Theory of Edward Deming (Hoy & Miskel, 2001) Total Quality Management (TQM) is powerful in responding to the nation’s educational and social predicaments, whereas to accelerate the decentralization of educational management and upgrading the quality of schools is the implementation of School-Based Management (SBM). These two educational practices empower leaders and foster excellence. Hence, this study determined the implementation level of TQM and SBM practices of principals representing the CALABARZON Region and their implications to school leadership and improvement. Descriptive method involving the collection of data to test the hypotheses and to counter the specific questions posited was utilized. Principals and teachers in the secondary schools from Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon were selected employing the Stratified sampling technique. Weighted Mean, Pearson R, and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis were applied to analyze the problems. The results confirmed that most of the TQM and SBM practices have significant impact to school leadership and improvement in high, average, and low performing schools in the CALABARZON Region, thus, the null hypothesis that TQM and SBM have no significant impact to school leadership and improvement was partially sustained.


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