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Reciprocity, Exchange and Social Solidarity

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Centre for Anthropological Studies, Central University of Orissa, Koraput-764020, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (5), Pages 84-88, May,14 (2015)


The present review represents the traditional type of exchange system which was found in all over the world has a great effective assessment of the present monetary economic condition which was led by primitive sections of exchange of goods and services (barter system) .The vulnerable kind of reciprocity of traditional society is stand behind the modern aesthetics of trade relationships among worldwide countries and also the intra-specific relations of nation itself. Also the patterns of reciprocity (generalized, balanced and negative) play a pivotal role in the day to day life of the common man which was nothing but the reflections of traditional reciprocity. Reciprocity, exchange system and aspects of ceremony was the backbone of primitive life which remarkably bifurcated to the social, moral, ethical aspects of modernity through developmental stages and space of time. The collective endeavor of the above systems give rise to a new conceptualize pattern of solidarity; the feeling of togetherness and brotherhood. The social solidarity in the developmental stages brings out many changing and reforming aspects for the procurement of new dawn which inculcates the modern power structure, economic development, norms and obligations by virtue of traditional system and techniques so far. This review signifies how the traditional system of primitive society reflects in the modern elite world and its modern compatibility.


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