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India's Manufacturing Exports: Technology Intensity Transition

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, INDIA
  • 2 Centre for WTO Studies, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (5), Pages 67-75, May,14 (2015)


This paper seeks to capture the shift in the technology intensity of India’s manufacturing exports in the post liberalized period. The study is based on the data extracted from UNCOMTRADE-WITS database (SITC REV-3). Further, OECD classification of manufacturing industries on technology intensity is taken into consideration. Using trade indicators (such as RCA), the analysis reveals a steady, albeit slow shift from low technology intensive exports to medium-low technology intensive exports in India. Though improvement was marked for the medium-high technology intensive exports, dominance of low technology intensive exports still persists. The major factors for the persistence of low technology intensive exports are low level of RandD in manufacturing sector, lack of skilled personnel, relatively low level of FDI and competitiveness. However, in case of high technology intensive manufacturing exports, India still lags behind. The study highlights incentivizing high technology intensive export as a concern for the policy makers.


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