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Human Rights and Dalits in India: A Sociological Analysis

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 36-40, March,14 (2014)


The concept and practice of human rights is the hallmark of any modern society. Since time immemorial, the story of human rights has been the story of human wrongs. More than one-sixth of India’s population, approximately 170 million people live in sub-human existence, shunned by much of the society because of their position as ‘untouchables’ or ‘Dalits’ literally means ‘broken’ people. National legislations and constitutional provisions serve only to mask the realities of discrimination and atrocities faced by the ‘society created sub-humans’ living below ‘pollution line’. The present paper tries to find the nature and magnitude of atrocity on Dalits. It has dealt with the conceptual category of ‘Human Rights’ and ‘Dalit’ and its historical underpinning for being discriminated. It also deals with the sociological and legal constraints for Dalits getting justice. The paper also endeavours to trace the compatibility of Human Rights with social order in villages and has tried to trace the nature and magnitude of Human Rights violation of Dalits.


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