International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Feeding and childcare practices in Sahelian zone, Chad: A documentary research

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Curricula and Evaluation, Faculty of Education, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 13, Issue (1), Pages 17-22, January,14 (2024)


Inadequate children feeding practices constitute a high health risk for children and a public health problem. This documentary research examines young children care and feeding practices in the Sahelian zone. The present study used a documentary kind of research and employed content analysis to extract the data from documents. Findings revealed that the practice of exclusive breastfeeding was almost non-existent and early breastfeeding was not systematic after birth. Children were introduced very early to complementary dietary intake with very little adequate nutrition and variety of food. In addition, it was also found that cultural taboos’ burden weighed heavy on the dietary intake of under 5 years old children and a greater consideration for the consultation of marabouts, healers and Dr Tchouckou for ill children’s treatment. The study concludes by suggesting that there is a need for comprehensive health education for caregivers in order to change health seeking behaviors and children feeding practices.


  1. Kruger, R., & Gericke, G. J. (2003)., A qualitative exploration of rural feeding and weaning practices, knowledge and attitudes on nutrition., Public health nutrition, 6(2), 217-223.
  2. Pelto, G. H., Levitt, E., & Thairu, L. (2003). Improving feeding practices: current patterns, common constraints, and the design of interventions., Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 24(1), 45-82., undefined
  3. Fawzi, W. W., Herrera, M. G., Nestel, P., Amin, A. E., & Mohamed, K. A. (1998)., A longitudinal study of prolonged breastfeeding in relation to child undernutrition., International Journal of Epidemiology, 27(2), 255-260.
  4. Dennis, C. L., Hodnett, E., Gallop, R., & Chalmers, B. (2002)., The effect of peer support on breast-feeding duration among primiparous women: a randomized controlled trial., CMAJ, 166(1), 21-28.
  5. Who, J., & Consultation, F. E. (2003)., Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases., World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser, 916(i–viii), 1-149.
  6. Black, R. E., Allen, L. H., Bhutta, Z. A., Caulfield, L. E., De Onis, M., Ezzati, M., ... & Rivera, J. (2008)., Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences., The lancet, 371(9608), 243-260.
  7. Aguayo, V. M. (2017)., Complementary feeding practices for infants and young children in South Asia. A review of evidence for action post‐2015., Maternal & child nutrition, 13, e12439.
  8. Frankenberger, T. R., & Verduijn, R. (2011)., Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)., Rome: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  9. UNICEF (2020)., Institute National des Études Économiques et Démographiques (INSEED) et UNICEF., MICS6-Tchad, 2019, Rapport final. N’Djamena, Tchad.
  10. Sibetcheu, D., Fomo, M. A., Libite, P. R., & Jazet, E. (2004)., Allaitement maternel, état nutritionnel des enfants et des femmes., Enquête Démographique et de Santé du Cameroun, 179-207.
  11. Ahmed, J. U. (2010)., Documentary research method: New dimensions., Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 4(1), 1-14.
  12. Mogalakwe, M. (2006)., The use of documentary research methods in social research., African Sociological Review/Revue Africaine De Sociologie, 10(1), 221-230.
  13. Ministère de la Santé Publique (MSP). (2012)., Enquêtes nutritionnelles et de mortalité retrospective par la méthodologie SMART dans 11 régions de la bande sahélienne du Tchad., Rapport final
  14. Action Contre la Faim (ACF) (2012)., Analyse qualitative des causes de la malnutrition, Grand Kanem, Tchad., Rapport d’enquête
  15. Action Contre la Faim (ACF) (2016)., Analyse causale de la sous-nutrition dans le District sanitaire d’Abdi, région du Ouaddaï, Tchad., Rapport final Link NCA.
  16. Marshak, A., Luc, G., Radday, A., & Young, H. (2021)., Seasonality of Acute Malnutrition and its Drivers in Sila Province, Chad: a mixed.,
  17. Action Contre la Faim (ACF) (2017)., Mise en place d’un programme d’éducation nutritionnelle adapté aux aliments locaux : Kanem et Barh-El-Gazel., Rapport d’étude sur les habitudes alimentaires
  18. Roy, S., Dasgupta, A., & Pal, B. (2009)., Feeding practices of children in an urban slum of Kolkata., Indian Journal of Community Medicine: Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 34(4), 362.
  19. Ahishakiye, J., Bouwman, L., Brouwer, I. D., Matsiko, E., Armar-Klemesu, M., & Koelen, M. (2019)., Challenges and responses to infant and young child feeding in rural Rwanda: a qualitative study., Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 38, 1-10.
  20. Ayana, D., Tariku, A., Feleke, A., & Woldie, H. (2017)., Complementary feeding practices among children in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia., BMC research notes, 10, 1-8.
  21. Mitchodigni, I. M., Amoussa Hounkpatin, W., Ntandou-Bouzitou, G., Avohou, H., Termote, C., Kennedy, G., & Hounhouigan, D. J. (2017)., Complementary feeding practices: determinants of dietary diversity and meal frequency among children aged 6–23 months in Southern Benin., Food Security, 9, 1117-1130.
  22. Mya, K. S., Kyaw, A. T., & Tun, T. (2019)., Feeding practices and nutritional status of children age 6-23 months in Myanmar: A secondary analysis of the 2015-16 Demographic and Health Survey., PloS one, 14(1), e0209044.
  23. Mekonnen, T. C., Workie, S. B., Yimer, T. M., & Mersha, W. F. (2017)., Meal frequency and dietary diversity feeding practices among children 6–23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia., Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 36, 1-8.
  24. Lindsay, A. C., Machado, M. T., Sussner, K. M., Hardwick, C. K., & Peterson, K. E. (2008)., Infant-feeding practices and beliefs about complementary feeding among low-income Brazilian mothers: a qualitative study., Food and nutrition bulletin, 29(1), 15-24.
  25. Issaka, A. I., Agho, K. E., Page, A. N., Burns, P. L., Stevens, G. J., & Dibley, M. J. (2015)., Determinants of suboptimal complementary feeding practices among children aged 6–23 months in four anglophone West A frican countries., Maternal & child nutrition, 11, 14-30.
  26. Patel, D. V., Bansal, S. C., Nimbalkar, A. S., Phatak, A. G., Nimbalkar, S. M., & Desai, R. G. (2015)., Breastfeeding practices, demographic variables, and their association with morbidities in children., Advances in preventive medicine, 2015.
  27. Elise, C., & Mahfoudh, M. O. (2013)., Analyse qualitative des causes de la malnutrition dans le camp de réfugiés de Mberra, Mauritanie., PAM/UNCHR/UNICEF.