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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Emergency Contraceptives among Ambo University Female Students, West Showa, Ethiopia

Author Affiliations

  • 1Ambo University, Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo, ETHIOPIA
  • 2 Ambo University, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo, ETHIOPIA

Res. J. of Pharmaceutical Sci., Volume 2, Issue (11), Pages 1-5, December,30 (2013)


There is scarcity of data on the degree of emergence contraceptives utilization, awareness of and attitude toward this method in Ethiopia though long times have passed since its introduction. Therefore, this study was meant to produce more of such data for the success of family planning related millennium development goals of the country. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 350 female students of Ambo University who were sampled using stratified random sampling. Odd ratio (OR) & 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to measure association among variables.We showed that 62.5 % of the study participants had information about EC where only 49.3% of them knew the correct time to take the first dose of EC pill after unsafe sex. About 58% of them had positive attitude in advocating the use of EC for prevention of unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse. Less than half of the respondents had ever used EC where majority (33.8%) preferred to get the service from private health sectors. The respondents’ knowledge was generally good as compared to the previous reports available in the country. There was an improved attitude with very low level of EC utilization in contrast to other studies. Hence, a well organized university based reproductive health (RH) services are a must to overcome these problems. Moreover, it would be better if RH is given as one course at all universities in Ethiopia.


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