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Syzygium aromaticum: A novel review by the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects

Author Affiliations

  • 1Pravara Rural College of Pharmacy, Pravaranagar (Loni), Ahmednagar, Maharashtra-413736, India
  • 2Pravara Rural College of Pharmacy, Pravaranagar (Loni), Ahmednagar, Maharashtra-413736, India

Res. J. of Pharmaceutical Sci., Volume 11, Issue (1), Pages 13-19, June,30 (2022)


Chinese herbs are regarded as a valuable resource for the production of novel pharmacological substances that are previously used to treat serious association of disease. Syzygium aromaticum found as promising critical ingredients in the development of novel and successful medications. After 6 years, the trees begin to flower. After around 20 years, full bearing is achieved, and production can last up to 80 years. There is a large variation in bearing between years. Clove clusters are collected after the buds have grown to their full size, become pink, but not yet opened. They're just about 2 cm long at the moment. Ingredients extracted from dried clove buds have a wide range of therapeutic effects. Twenty additional components were discovered to be active among the total number of components obtained. Clove essential oil is mostly composed of carvacrol, thymol, eugenol, and cinnamaldehyde. 4-allyl 2-methoxyphenol, or eugenol, is the active component in clove buds, accounting about 9095 percent of the total. It describes all of Syzygium aromaticum's key activities and gives positive outcomes for all of the activities stated in the summary above. The medicinal potential of Syzygium aromatic compounds and their primary component, eugenol, in the prevention and treatment of numerous medical conditions is highlighted in this review.


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