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Study of Morphological Characteristics of Spinach Irrigated with Industrial waste water of Bhiwadi, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 31-38, March,22 (2014)


In the present investigation industrial area of Bhiwadi, (Alwar district) was selected as study area. The plants of spinach were treated with 3 types of water smaples i. ground water ii. Treated water (CETP outlet) and iii. untreated water (CETP inlet) and analyzed for morphological characters . Results showed that waste water increased stem length, root length ,fresh and dry weight, leaf length and leaf breadth and decreased seedling length, vigour index, and germination percentage of seeds. Waste water effects leaf colour and shape and seed colour, seed size and spermoderm patterns. Results reveated that waste water irrigation brought up negative changes in most of the important growth parameters of plants and hence this water is not found suitable for crop irrigation.


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