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Utilization of various Agricultural waste materials in the treatment of Industrial wastewater containing Heavy metals: A Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA
  • 2 Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, MALAYSIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 62-71, March,22 (2014)


The ability of agricultural solid waste such as Palm oil fuel ash, coconut shell, mangos teen, rice husk, corn cob and durian shell in the treatment of industrial waste water containing heavy metals in aqueous solution were reviewed. This Biosorbents has been found to serve as an alternative material to the conventional methods of wastewater treatment, and have the capability to compete favorably in eliminating heavy metal ions. The effects of important parameters such as maximum biosorption capacity, initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dose, PH of the solution and equilibrium time were also shown. This review presents the use of available agricultural solid wastes as adsorbents to remove different pollutants and the effect of treatment on their efficiencies.


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